a81adf4ffd2f4f7

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2014

OR

   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                             to

Commission File Number 001-33982


LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

46‑3337365
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

12300 Liberty Boulevard, Englewood, Colorado 80112

(Address, including zip code, of Registrant’s principal executive offices)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (720) 875‑5200

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes    No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes     No 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non‑accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act.

 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer 

Accelerated filer 

Non‑accelerated filer 
(Do not check if a
smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Yes     No 

The number of outstanding shares of Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings, Inc. common stock as of August 31, 2014 was:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series A

 

Series B

Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings common stock

70,800,554 

 

 

2,885,370 

 

 

 

 


 

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Condensed Combined Balance Sheets

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

June 30,

    

December 31,

 

 

 

2014

 

2013

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

589 

 

354 

 

Trade and other receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $5 million and $4 million, respectively

 

 

187 

 

122 

 

Inventory, net

 

 

15 

 

12 

 

Short term marketable securities (note 4)

 

 

51 

 

131 

 

Deferred income tax assets

 

 

 

 

Other current assets

 

 

18 

 

18 

 

Total current assets

 

 

866 

 

643 

 

Investments in available-for-sale securities

 

 

83 

 

188 

 

Property and equipment, at cost

 

 

124 

 

55 

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(26)

 

(16)

 

 

 

 

98 

 

39 

 

Intangible assets not subject to amortization:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goodwill

 

 

3,565 

 

3,460 

 

Trademarks

 

 

1,838 

 

1,832 

 

 

 

 

5,403 

 

5,292 

 

Intangible assets subject to amortization, net

 

 

872 

 

908 

 

Other assets, at cost, net of accumulated amortization

 

 

33 

 

19 

 

Total assets

 

$

7,355 

 

7,089 

 

Liabilites and Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabililities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

144 

 

42 

 

Accrued liabilities

 

 

109 

 

94 

 

Related party notes payable (note 6)

 

 

42 

 

30 

 

Current portion of debt (note 5)

 

 

73 

 

69 

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

61 

 

47 

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

31 

 

29 

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

460 

 

311 

 

Long-term debt (note 5)

 

 

280 

 

300 

 

Deferred income tax liabilities

 

 

836 

 

853 

 

Other liabilities

 

 

112 

 

44 

 

Total liabilities

 

 

1,688 

 

1,508 

 

Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parent’s investment

 

 

209 

 

226 

 

Accumulated other comprehensive earnings, net of taxes

 

 

 

 —

 

Retained earnings

 

 

983 

 

982 

 

Total parent’s investment

 

 

1,195 

 

1,208 

 

Noncontrolling interests in equity of combined companies

 

 

4,472 

 

4,373 

 

Total equity

 

 

5,667 

 

5,581 

 

Commitments and contingencies (note 7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

7,355 

 

7,089 

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed combined financial statements.

 

II-1


 

 

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Condensed Combined Statements of Operations

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months

 

Six months

 

 

ended

 

ended

 

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

    

2014

    

2013

    

2014

    

2013

 

 

amounts in millions, except

 

 

per share amounts

Service and other revenue

 

$

323 

 

247 

 

 

604 

 

477 

Net retail sales

 

 

12 

 

16 

 

 

25 

 

33 

Total net sales

 

 

335 

 

263 

 

 

629 

 

510 

Operating costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation shown separately below)

 

 

10 

 

13 

 

 

20 

 

28 

Operating expense, including stock-based compensation (note 2)

 

 

54 

 

40 

 

 

105 

 

79 

Selling, general and administrative, including stock-based compensation (note 2)

 

 

168 

 

115 

 

 

302 

 

223 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

72 

 

78 

 

 

142 

 

155 

 

 

 

304 

 

246 

 

 

569 

 

485 

Operating income (loss)

 

 

31 

 

17 

 

 

60 

 

25 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense, including related party

 

 

(3)

 

(3)

 

 

(5)

 

(6)

Other, net

 

 

 —

 

(2)

 

 

 —

 

(3)

 

 

 

(3)

 

(5)

 

 

(5)

 

(9)

Earnings (loss) before income taxes

 

 

28 

 

12 

 

 

55 

 

16 

Income tax (expense) benefit

 

 

(11)

 

 

 

(15)

 

Net earnings (loss)

 

 

17 

 

13 

 

 

40 

 

17 

Less earnings (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

 

18 

 

12 

 

 

39 

 

21 

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings, Inc. shareholders

 

$

(1)

 

 

 

 

(4)

ProForma basic net earnings (loss) attributable to Series A and Series B Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings, Inc. shareholders per common share (note 3)

 

$

(0.01)

 

0.01 

 

 

0.01 

 

(0.05)

 

See accompanying notes to condensed combined financial statements.

II-2


 

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Condensed Combined Statements of Comprehensive Earnings (Loss)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months

 

Six months

 

 

ended

 

ended

 

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

 

2014

 

2013

 

2014

 

2013

 

 

amounts in millions

Net earnings (loss)

    

$

17 

    

13 

    

 

40 

    

17 

Other comprehensive earnings (loss), net of taxes:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

 

10 

 

(10)

 

 

16 

 

(40)

Unrealized holding gains (losses) arising during the period

 

 

 —

 

(1)

 

 

 —

 

(1)

Other comprehensive earnings (loss)

 

 

10 

 

(11)

 

 

16 

 

(41)

Comprehensive earnings (loss)

 

 

27 

 

 

 

56 

 

(24)

Less comprehensive earnings (loss) attributable to the noncontrolling interests

 

 

26 

 

 

 

52 

 

(11)

Comprehensive earnings (loss) attributable to Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings, Inc. shareholders

 

$

 

(1)

 

 

 

(13)

 

See accompanying notes to condensed combined financial statements.

II-3


 

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Condensed Combined Statements of Cash Flows

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months

 

 

 

ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2014

 

2013

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

 

    

    

    

 

Net earnings (loss)

 

$

40 

 

17 

 

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

142 

 

155 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

34 

 

30 

 

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation

 

 

(14)

 

(3)

 

Deferred income tax expense (benefit)

 

 

(38)

 

(42)

 

Other noncash charges (credits), net

 

 

 

(1)

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current and other assets

 

 

(68)

 

(65)

 

Payables and other liabilities

 

 

158 

 

29 

 

Net cash provided (used) by operating activities

 

 

257 

 

120 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expended for property and equipment

 

 

(42)

 

(27)

 

Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired

 

 

(152)

 

(31)

 

Purchases of short term investments and other marketable securities

 

 

(219)

 

(346)

 

Sales and maturities of short term investments and other marketable securities

 

 

404 

 

145 

 

Other investing activities, net

 

 

 —

 

(4)

 

Net cash provided (used) by investing activities

 

 

(9)

 

(263)

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Borrowings of debt

 

 

 

 

Repayments of debt

 

 

(23)

 

(37)

 

Borrowings on related party note payable, net

 

 

12 

 

23 

 

Payment of minimum withholding taxes on net share settlements of equity awards

 

 

(23)

 

(6)

 

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation

 

 

14 

 

 

Shares issued by subsidiary

 

 

 

20 

 

Shares repurchased by subsidiary

 

 

 —

 

(34)

 

Other financing activities, net

 

 

(3)

 

 —

 

Net cash provided (used) by financing activities

 

 

(13)

 

(24)

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

235 

 

(167)

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

354 

 

369 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

589 

 

202 

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed combined financial statements.

II-4


 

 

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Condensed Combined Statement of Equity

Six months ended June 30, 2014

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noncontrolling

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

interest in

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

other

 

 

 

equity of

 

 

 

 

 

Parent’s

 

comprehensive

 

Retained

 

combined

 

Total

 

 

 

investment

 

earnings

 

earnings

 

companies

 

equity

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

Balance at January 1, 2014

    

$

226 

    

 —

    

982 

    

4,373 

    

5,581 

 

Net earnings (loss)

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 

39 

 

40 

 

Other comprehensive earnings (loss)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

13 

 

16 

 

Stock compensation

 

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

29 

 

37 

 

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options

 

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 

Minimum withholding taxes on net share settlements of stock-based compensation

 

 

(23)

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

(23)

 

Excess tax benefits on stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

11 

 

14 

 

Shares issued by subsidiary

 

 

(7)

 

 —

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Balance at June 30, 2014

 

$

209 

 

 

983 

 

4,472 

 

5,667 

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed combined financial statements.

II-5


 

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Combined

Financial Statements

 

(1) Basis of Presentation

During October 2013, the Board of Directors of Liberty Interactive Corporation and its subsidiaries (“Liberty”) authorized a plan to distribute to the stockholders of Liberty’s Liberty Ventures common stock shares of a wholly‑owned subsidiary, Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings (“TripCo” or the “Company” as discussed below) (the “Trip Spin‑Off”). TripCo holds the subsidiaries TripAdvisor, Inc. (“TripAdvisor”) and BuySeasons, Inc. which includes the retail businesses of BuyCostumes.com and Celebrate Express (“BuySeasons”), both of which operate as stand‑alone operating entities. Both TripAdvisor and BuySeasons have more revenue in the third quarter, based on a higher travel research period and the Halloween period, respectively, as compared to the other quarters of the year. The Trip Spin-Off was completed on August 27, 2014 and effected as a pro‑rata dividend of shares of TripCo to the stockholders of Series A and Series B Liberty Ventures common stock of Liberty. The Trip Spin‑Off is intended to be tax‑free.

These financial statements have been prepared on a combined basis and represent a combination of the historical financial information of TripAdvisor, an equity method affiliate from December 20, 2011 through December 11, 2012 and a combined company since December 11, 2012 and the historical financial information for BuySeasons.  The Trip Spin-Off will be accounted for at historical cost due to the pro rata nature of the distribution.

The accompanying (a) condensed combined balance sheet as of December 31, 2013, which has been derived from audited financial statements, and (b) the interim unaudited condensed combined financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10‑Q and Article 10 of Regulation S‑X as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results for such periods have been included. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. These condensed combined financial statements should be read in conjunction with the combined financial statements and notes for the year ended December 31, 2013 as presented in Amendment No. 4 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed on August 11, 2014.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Company considers (i) revenue recognition, (ii) recoverability of intangible assets and goodwill, (iii) recoverability and useful lives of long‑lived assets, (iv) accounting for income taxes and (v) stock‑based compensation to be its most significant estimates.

In May 2014, the FASB issued new accounting guidance on revenue from contracts with customers.  The new guidance requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. The updated guidance will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in GAAP when it becomes effective and permits the use of either a retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2016.  The Company has not yet selected a transition method and is currently evaluating the effect that the updated standard will have its financial statements and related disclosures.

 

II-6


 

Spin‑Off of TripCo from Liberty Interactive Corporation

Following the Trip Spin‑Off, Liberty and TripCo operate as separate, publicly traded companies, and neither has any stock ownership, beneficial or otherwise, in the other. In connection with the Trip Spin‑Off, TripCo entered into certain agreements, including the reorganization agreement, the services agreement, the facilities sharing agreement and the tax sharing agreement, with Liberty and/or Liberty Media Corporation (“Liberty Media”) (or certain of their subsidiaries) in order to govern certain of the ongoing relationships between the companies after the Trip Spin‑Off and to provide for an orderly transition.

The reorganization agreement provides for, among other things, the principal corporate transactions (including the internal restructuring) required to effect the Trip Spin‑Off, certain conditions to the Trip Spin‑Off and provisions governing the relationship between TripCo and Liberty with respect to and resulting from the Trip Spin‑Off. The tax sharing agreement provides for the allocation and indemnification of tax liabilities and benefits between Liberty and TripCo and other agreements related to tax matters. Pursuant to the services agreement, Liberty Media provides TripCo with general and administrative services including legal, tax, accounting, treasury and investor relations support. TripCo will reimburse Liberty Media for direct, out‑of‑pocket expenses incurred by Liberty Media in providing these services and TripCo will pay a services fee to Liberty Media under the services agreement that will be subject to adjustment semi‑annually. Liberty Media and TripCo will evaluate all charges for reasonableness semi‑annually and make adjustments to these charges. Under the facilities sharing agreement, TripCo will share office space with Liberty and Liberty Media and related amenities at Liberty’s corporate headquarters.

Acquisitions

During the six months ended June 30, 2014, TripAdvisor completed three acquisitions for total cash consideration of $152 million, net of cash acquired. The total cash consideration is subject to adjustment based on the finalization of working capital adjustments and amounts retained with payment subject to certain indemnification obligations by the respective sellers. TripAdvisor acquired Vacation Home Rentals, a U.S.-based vacation rental website featuring properties around the world; London-based Tripbod, a travel community that helps connect travelers to local experts to deliver travelers relevant recommendations for trip planning; and Lafourchette, a provider of an online and mobile reservations platform for restaurants in France, Spain and Switzerland. The initial purchase price allocation resulted in the following: $6 million in cash and other net assets, $66 million in amortizable intangible assets, $105 million in goodwill, and $17 million in net deferred tax liabilities. The purchase price allocation of these acquisitions are preliminary and subject to revision as more information becomes available and final valuations are available, but in any case will not be revised beyond 12 months after the acquisition date.

Additionally, on August 8, 2014, TripAdvisor completed the acquisition of Viator for approximately $200 million, primarily payable in cash. Viator provides a platform for researching and booking destination activities around the world.

(2) Stock-Based Compensation

Liberty Incentive Plans

The holder of an outstanding option to purchase shares of Liberty Ventures common stock on the record date (an “original Ventures option”) will receive an option to purchase shares of the corresponding series of our common stock (a “new TripCo option”) and an adjustment to the exercise price of and the number of shares subject to the original Ventures option (as so adjusted, “an adjusted Ventures option”). The exercise prices of and the number of shares subject to the new TripCo option and the related adjusted Ventures option will be determined based on the exercise price of and the number of shares subject to the original Ventures option, the preTrip Spin‑Off trading price of Liberty Ventures common stock (determined using the volume weighted average price of Liberty Ventures common stock over the three consecutive trading days immediately preceding the Trip Spin‑Off) and the relative post‑Spin‑Off trading prices of Liberty Ventures common stock and TripCo common stock (determined using the volume weighted average price of the applicable series of common stock over the three consecutive trading days beginning on the first trading day following the Trip Spin‑Off on which both the Liberty Ventures common stock and the TripCo common stock trade in the “regular

II-7


 

way” (meaning once the common stock trades using a standard settlement cycle)), such that the preTrip Spin‑Off intrinsic value of the original Ventures option is allocated between the new TripCo option and the adjusted Ventures option.

Except as described above, all other terms of an adjusted Ventures option and a new TripCo option (including, for example, the vesting terms thereof) will in all material respects, be the same as those of the corresponding original Ventures option. The terms of the adjusted Ventures option will be determined and the new TripCo option will be issued as soon as practicable following the determination of the pre‑ and post Trip Spin‑Off trading prices of Liberty Ventures and TripCo common stock, as applicable. Liberty has outstanding approximately 1.8 million Liberty Ventures Series A options, as adjusted for the Ventures 2 for 1 stock split, at June 30, 2014 with a weighted average exercise price of $28.88. Approximately 1.0 million were exercisable at June 30, 2014 with a weighted average exercise price of $28.15.

Included in the accompanying condensed combined statements of operations are the following amounts of stock‑based compensation, a portion of which relates to TripAdvisor as discussed below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months

 

Six months

 

 

 

ended June 30,

 

ended June 30,

 

 

    

2014

    

2013

    

2014

    

2013

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

Operating expense

 

$

 

 

 

14 

 

13 

 

Selling, general and administrative expense

 

 

10 

 

 

 

20 

 

17 

 

 

 

$

17 

 

13 

 

 

34 

 

30 

 

 

TripAdvisor Equity Grant Awards

During the six months ended June 30, 2014, TripAdvisor issued approximately 491 thousand of primarily service based stock options under their 2011 Incentive Plan with a weighted average price per option of $96.45 and a weighted average estimated grant‑date fair value per option of $47.25. As of June 30, 2014, TripAdvisor has 8.9 million options outstanding (at a weighted average exercise price of $43.79 per share) of which 4.0 million are exercisable (at a weighted average exercise price of $31.79 per share). TripAdvisor related stock‑based compensation for the six months ended June 30, 2014 was $34 million. As of June 30, 2014, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested TripAdvisor stock options was approximately $99 million and will be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 3.0 years.

Additionally, during the six months ended June 30, 2014, TripAdvisor granted 513 thousand service based RSUs under their 2011 Incentive Plan for which the fair value was measured based on the quoted price of TripAdvisor common stock at the date of grant. The weighted average grant date fair value for RSU’s granted during the six months ended June 30, 2014 was $96.00 per share. As of June 30, 2014, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to 1.3 million unvested TripAdvisor RSUs was approximately $57 million and will be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 3.2 years.

(3) Pro Forma Earnings per Share

Unaudited pro forma earnings (loss) per common share for all periods presented is computed by dividing net earnings (loss) for the respective period by 73,685,924 common shares, which is the aggregate number of shares of Series A and Series B common stock issued upon completion of the Trip Spin‑Off on August 27, 2014. 

(4) Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value

For assets and liabilities required to be reported at fair value, GAAP provides a hierarchy that prioritizes inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels. Level 1 inputs are quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date. Level 2 inputs are inputs, other than quoted market prices included within Level 1, that are observable for the asset or

II-8


 

liability, either directly or indirectly. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability. The Company does not have any recurring assets or liabilities measured at fair value that would be considered Level 3.

The Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30, 2014

 

December 31, 2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quoted prices

 

Significant

 

 

 

Quoted prices

 

Significant

 

 

 

 

 

 

in active

 

other

 

 

 

in active

 

other

 

 

 

 

 

 

markets for

 

observable

 

 

 

markets for

 

observable

 

 

 

 

 

 

identical assets

 

inputs

 

 

 

identical assets

 

inputs

 

Description

 

Total

 

(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

Total

 

(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

Cash equivalents

    

$

188 

    

188 

    

 —

    

156 

    

156 

    

 —

 

Marketable securities

 

$

51 

 

 —

 

51 

 

131 

 

 —

 

131 

 

Available-for-sale securities

 

$

83 

 

 —

 

83 

 

188 

 

 —

 

188 

 

 

The fair value of Level 2 marketable securities and available‑for‑sale securities were obtained from pricing sources for identical or comparable instruments, rather than direct observations of quoted prices in active markets.

Other Financial Instruments

Other financial instruments not measured at fair value on a recurring basis include trade receivables, related party receivables, trade payables, accrued and other current liabilities. The carrying amount approximates fair value due to the short maturity of these instruments as reported on our condensed combined balance sheets.

(5) Debt

Outstanding debt at June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 is summarized as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2014

 

2013

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

TripAdvisor term loan and revolving credit facility

    

$

320 

    

340 

 

Chinese credit facilities

 

 

33 

 

29 

 

Total consolidated TripCo debt

 

$

353 

 

369 

 

Less debt classified as current

 

 

(73)

 

(69)

 

Total long-term debt

 

$

280 

 

300 

 

 

TripAdvisor Term Loan Facility Due 2016 and Revolving Credit Facility

On December 20, 2011, TripAdvisor entered into a Credit Agreement, which provides $600 million of borrowing including:

·

a Term Loan Facility, or Term Loan, in an aggregate principal amount of $400 million with a term of five years due December 2016; and

·

a Revolving Credit Facility in an aggregate principal amount of $200 million available in U.S. dollars, Euros and British pound sterling with a term of five years expiring December 2016.

As of June 30, 2014, the Term Loan and loans under the Revolving Credit Facility bear interest at LIBOR plus 150 basis points, or the Eurocurrency Spread, or the alternate base rate  (ABR) plus 50 basis points, and undrawn amounts are currently subject to a commitment fee of 22.5 basis points.

As of June 30, 2014, TripAdvisor used a one‑month interest period Eurocurrency Spread which is approximately 1.7% per annum. Interest is payable on a monthly basis while TripAdvisor is borrowing under the

II-9


 

one‑month interest rate period. The current interest rates are based on current assumptions, leverage and LIBOR rates and do not take into account that rates will reset periodically.

The Term Loan principal is currently payable in quarterly installments on the last day of each calendar quarter equal to 2.5% of the original principal amount, with the balance due on the final maturity date. Principal payments aggregating $20 million were made during the six months ended June 30, 2014.  

The Revolving Credit Facility includes $40 million of borrowing capacity available for letters of credit and $40 million for borrowings on same‑day notice. As of June 30, 2014, there were no outstanding borrowings under the TripAdvisor Revolving Credit Facility.

As of June 30, 2014, TripAdvisor was in compliance with all of its debt covenants.

BuySeasons debt

See note 6 for a discussion regarding the significant items related to BuySeasons debt obligations.

Fair Value

Due to the variable rate nature, TripCo believes that the carrying amount of its debt approximated fair value at June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013.

TripCo debt

On August 21, 2014 TripCo, through a wholly owned subsidiary, entered into two separate margin loan arrangements for a total of $400 million with a term of three years.  Interest on the margin loan will accrue at a rate of 3.65% plus LIBOR for six months and 3.25% thereafter to be paid in kind or cash at the election of TripCo.

(6) Related Party Transactions

Expedia

TripAdvisor provides click-based advertising and other advertising services to Expedia (TripAdvisor’s former parent) and is recorded at contract value, which TripAdvisor believes is a reasonable reflection of the value of the services provided. Expedia-related revenue represented approximately 21% and 24% of TripAdvisor’s total revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The net Expedia-related receivable balance included in trade receivables in the combined condensed balance sheets as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 was $38 million and $16 million, respectively.

 

Following the spin-off of TripAdvisor from Expedia, as a result of the irrevocable proxy of Liberty, Mr. Diller was effectively able to control the outcome of all matters submitted to a vote or for the consent of TripAdvisor’s stockholders (other than with respect to the election by the holders of TripAdvisor common stock of 25% of the members of TripAdvisor’s Board of Directors and matters as to which Delaware law requires a separate class vote). Additionally, Mr. Diller was the Chairman and Senior Executive of Expedia, and through similar arrangements between Mr. Diller and Liberty, Mr. Diller was effectively able to control the outcome of all matters submitted to a vote or for the consent of Expedia’s stockholders (other than with respect to the election by the holders of Expedia common stock of 25% of the members of Expedia’s Board of Directors and matters as to which Delaware law requires a separate class vote). As a result, from the completion of the spin-off of TripAdvisor from Expedia until December 11, 2012, TripAdvisor and Expedia were related parties since they were under common control. On December 11, 2012, as a result of the transaction with Liberty to acquire an aggregate of 4,799,848 shares of common stock of TripAdvisor from Mr. Diller, Expedia and TripAdvisor are no longer under common control. Upon effectiveness of the Trip Spin-Off, Expedia is no longer an affiliated entity of TripCo. Because of Liberty’s ownership interest in Expedia, disclosure of the relationship was deemed appropriate until the time of the spin-off.

II-10


 

 

BuySeasons

During the six months ended June 30, 2014, the promissory note agreement between Liberty and BuySeasons, as borrower, was amended to increase the total borrowing capacity from $30 million to $50 million. As of June 30, 2014, BuySeasons had outstanding approximately $42 million of borrowings in accordance with a loan agreement with Liberty. The interest rate on this loan was  6.25%. During August 2014, prior to completion of the Trip Spin-Off, Liberty contributed the amount outstanding pursuant to the BuySeasons note to the capital of BuySeasons.

(7) Commitments and Contingencies

Leases

On June 20, 2013, TripAdvisor entered into an additional lease to move its headquarters to Needham, Massachusetts in 2015. TripAdvisor is the deemed owner (for accounting purposes only) of the new building during the construction period under build to suit lease accounting. As building construction began in the fourth quarter of 2013, we recorded estimated project construction costs incurred by the landlord as an asset and a corresponding long term liability in “Property and equipment, at cost” and “Other liabilities,” respectively, in our condensed combined balance sheets. The asset and corresponding long term liability will increase as additional building costs are incurred by the landlord during the construction period. At the completion of construction of the new building (estimated to be May 2015), the lease will be evaluated to determine whether or not it meets the criteria for “sale‑leaseback” treatment. From the beginning of construction through June 30, 2014 approximately $36 million of these non-cash costs have been capitalized.

Litigation

In the ordinary course of business, the Company and its subsidiaries are parties to legal proceedings and claims involving alleged infringement of third‑party intellectual property rights, defamation, and other claims. Although it is reasonably possible that the Company may incur losses upon conclusion of such matters, an estimate of any loss or range of loss cannot be made. In the opinion of management, it is expected that amounts, if any, which may be required to satisfy such contingencies will not be material in relation to the accompanying condensed combined financial statements.

(8) Segment Information

TripCo, through its ownership interests in subsidiaries and other companies, is primarily engaged in the on‑line commerce industries. TripCo identifies its reportable segments as (A) those combined companies that represent 10% or more of its combined annual revenue, annual Adjusted OIBDA or total assets and (B) those equity method affiliates whose share of earnings represent 10% or more of TripCo’s annual pre‑tax earnings.

TripCo evaluates performance and makes decisions about allocating resources to its operating segments based on financial measures such as revenue, Adjusted OIBDA, gross margin, average sales price per unit, number of units shipped and revenue or sales per customer equivalent. In addition, TripCo reviews nonfinancial measures such as unique website visitors, conversion rates and active customers, as appropriate.

TripCo defines Adjusted OIBDA as revenue less cost of sales, operating expenses, and selling, general and administrative expenses (excluding stock‑based compensation). TripCo believes this measure is an important indicator of the operational strength and performance of its businesses, including each business’s ability to service debt and fund capital expenditures. In addition, this measure allows management to view operating results and perform analytical comparisons and benchmarking between businesses and identify strategies to improve performance. This measure of performance excludes depreciation and amortization, stock‑based compensation, separately reported litigation settlements and restructuring and impairment charges that are included in the measurement of operating income pursuant to GAAP. Accordingly, Adjusted OIBDA should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, operating

II-11


 

income, net income, cash flow provided by operating activities and other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. TripCo generally accounts for intersegment sales and transfers as if the sales or transfers were to third parties, that is, at current prices.

For the six months ended June 30, 2014, TripCo has identified the following combined company as its reportable segment:

·

TripAdvisor, Inc.—an online travel research company, empowering users to plan and maximize their travel experience.

TripCo’s operating segments are strategic business units that offer different products and services. They are managed separately because each segment requires different technologies, distribution channels and marketing strategies. The accounting policies of the segments that are also combined companies are the same as those described in the Company’s summary of significant accounting policies included in the financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011.

Performance Measures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended  June 30,

 

 

 

2014

 

2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted

 

 

 

Adjusted

 

 

 

Revenue

 

OIBDA

 

Revenue

 

OIBDA

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

TripAdvisor

    

$

323 

    

129 

    

247 

    

113 

 

Corporate and other

 

 

12 

 

(9)

 

16 

 

(5)

 

Combined TripCo

 

$

335 

 

120 

 

263 

 

108 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended  June 30,

 

 

 

2014

 

2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted

 

 

 

Adjusted

 

 

 

Revenue

 

OIBDA

 

Revenue

 

OIBDA

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

TripAdvisor

    

$

604 

    

251 

    

477 

    

222 

 

Corporate and other

 

 

25 

 

(15)

 

33 

 

(12)

 

Combined TripCo

 

$

629 

 

236 

 

510 

 

210 

 

 

Other Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30, 2014

 

 

 

Total

 

Capital

 

 

 

Assets

 

expenditures

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

TripAdvisor

    

$

7,321 

    

42 

 

Corporate and other

 

 

34 

 

 —

 

Combined TripCo

 

$

7,355 

 

42 

 

 

II-12


 

The following table provides a reconciliation of segment Adjusted OIBDA to earnings (loss) before income taxes:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months

 

Six months

 

 

ended June 30,

 

ended June 30,

 

 

2014

 

2013

 

2014

 

2013

 

 

amounts in millions

Combined segment Adjusted OIBDA

    

$

120 

    

108 

    

 

236 

    

210 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

(17)

 

(13)

 

 

(34)

 

(30)

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

(72)

 

(78)

 

 

(142)

 

(155)

Interest expense

 

 

(3)

 

(3)

 

 

(5)

 

(6)

Other, net

 

 

 —

 

(2)

 

 

 —

 

(3)

Earnings (loss) before income taxes

 

$

28 

 

12 

 

 

55 

 

16 

 

 

 

 

II-13


 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Certain statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements regarding our business, product and marketing strategies; new service offerings; the recoverability of our goodwill and other long-lived assets; our projected sources and uses of cash; and the anticipated non-material impact of certain contingent liabilities related to legal and tax proceedings and other matters arising in the ordinary course of business. Where, in any forward-looking statement, we express an expectation or belief as to future results or events, such expectation or belief is expressed in good faith and believed to have a reasonable basis, but there can be no assurance that the expectation or belief will result or be achieved or accomplished. The following include some but not all of the factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those anticipated:

·

customer demand for products and services and the ability of our company and our subsidiaries to adapt to changes in demand;

·

competitor responses to products and services;

·

the levels and quality of online traffic to our businesses’ websites and the ability of our subsidiaries to convert visitors into consumers or contributors;

·

the expansion of social integration and member acquisition efforts with social media by our subsidiaries;

·

the impact of changes in search engine algorithms and dynamics or search engine disintermediation;

·

uncertainties inherent in the development and integration of new business lines and business strategies;

·

our future financial performance, including availability, terms and deployment of capital;

·

our ability to successfully integrate and recognize anticipated efficiencies and benefits from the businesses we acquire;

·

the ability of suppliers and vendors to deliver products, equipment, software and services;

·

availability of qualified personnel;

·

changes in, or failure or inability to comply with, government regulations, including, without limitation, regulations of the FCC and adverse outcomes from regulatory proceedings;

·

changes in the business models of our subsidiaries;

·

changes in the nature of key strategic relationships with partners, vendors and joint venturers;

·

general economic and business conditions and industry trends including the current economic downturn and those which result in declines or disruptions in the travel industry;

·

consumer spending levels, including the availability and amount of individual consumer debt;

·

costs related to the maintenance and enhancement of brand awareness by our subsidiaries;

·

advertising spending levels;

·

rapid technological changes;

·

our failure, and the failure of our subsidiaries, to protect the security of personal information about customers, subjecting each of us to potentially costly government enforcement actions or private litigation and reputational damage;

·

the regulatory and competitive environment of the industries in which our subsidiaries operate; and 

·

fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates and political unrest in international markets.

 

II-14


 

For additional risk factors, please see Amendment No. 4 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-1957057) filed on August 11, 2014. These forward-looking statements and such risks, uncertainties and other factors speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report, and we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to disseminate any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statement contained herein, to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto, or any other change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.

The following discussion and analysis provides information concerning our results of operations and financial condition. This discussion should be read in conjunction with our accompanying combined financial statements and the notes thereto.

Overview

During October 2013, the Board of Directors of Liberty Interactive Corporation and its subsidiaries (Liberty) authorized a plan to distribute to the stockholders of Liberty’s Liberty Ventures common stock shares of a wholly‑owned subsidiary Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings, Inc. (TripCo” as discussed below) which holds the subsidiaries TripAdvisor, Inc. (TripAdvisor”) and BuySeasons, Inc. which includes the retail businesses BuyCostumes.com and Celebrate Express (BuySeasons”) (the Trip Spin‑Off”). The transaction was completed on August 27, 2014 and was effected as a pro‑rata dividend of shares of TripCo to the stockholders of Series A and Series B Liberty Ventures common stock of Liberty. The Trip Spin‑Off was intended to be tax‑free and is expected to be accounted for at historical cost due to the pro rata nature of the distribution to shareholders of Liberty Ventures common stock.

The financial information represents a combination of the historical results of TripAdvisor and BuySeasons. These financial statements refer to the combination of TripAdvisor and BuySeasons as TripCo, the Company, us, we and our in the notes to the combined financial statements. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in the condensed combined financial statements.

Our Corporate and Other category includes our interest in BuySeasons and corporate expenses.

II-15


 

Results of OperationsCombined—June 30, 2014 and 2013

General.  We provide in the tables below information regarding our Combined Operating Results and Other Income and Expense, as well as information regarding the contribution to those items from our principal reportable segment. The corporate and other category consists of those assets or businesses which we do not disclose separately. For a more detailed discussion and analysis of the financial results of the principal reporting segment, see Results of OperationsBusinesses below.

Operating Results

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months

 

Six months

 

 

 

ended

 

ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2014

 

2013

 

2014

 

2013

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

Revenue

    

 

    

    

    

    

 

    

    

    

 

TripAdvisor

 

$

323 

 

247 

 

 

604 

 

477 

 

Corporate and other

 

 

12 

 

16 

 

 

25 

 

33 

 

Combined TripCo

 

$

335 

 

263 

 

 

629 

 

510 

 

Adjusted OIBDA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TripAdvisor

 

$

129 

 

113 

 

 

251 

 

222 

 

Corporate and other

 

 

(9)

 

(5)

 

 

(15)

 

(12)

 

Combined TripCo

 

$

120 

 

108 

 

 

236 

 

210 

 

Operating Income (Loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TripAdvisor

 

$

39 

 

22 

 

 

75 

 

37 

 

Corporate and other

 

 

(8)

 

(5)

 

 

(15)

 

(12)

 

Combined TripCo

 

$

31 

 

17 

 

 

60 

 

25 

 

 

Revenue.  Our combined revenue increased approximately $72 million and $119 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year. The increase was due to revenue growth at TripAdvisor offset slightly by a $4 million and an $8 million decrease in revenue at BuySeasons for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively, as compared to the corresponding prior year periods. The decrease in revenue for BuySeasons in 2014, as compared to 2013, was due to a combination of (i) 9% fewer site visits and slightly lower conversion rates which resulted in 26% fewer orders and (ii) a 5% decrease in average order value during the current year. See “Results of Operations—TripAdvisor” below for a more complete discussion of the results of operations of TripAdvisor.

Adjusted OIBDA.  We define Adjusted OIBDA as revenue less cost of sales, operating expenses and selling, general and administrative (SG&A”) expenses (excluding stock compensation). Our chief operating decision maker and management team use this measure of performance in conjunction with other measures to evaluate our businesses and make decisions about allocating resources among our businesses. We believe this is an important indicator of the operational strength and performance of our businesses, including each businesss ability to service debt and fund capital expenditures. In addition, this measure allows us to view operating results, perform analytical comparisons and benchmarking between businesses and identify strategies to improve performance. This measure of performance excludes such costs as depreciation and amortization, stock‑based compensation and restructuring and impairment charges that are included in the measurement of operating income pursuant to GAAP. Accordingly, Adjusted OIBDA should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, operating income, net income, cash flow provided by operating activities and other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. See note 8 to the accompanying June 30, 2014 condensed combined financial statements for a reconciliation of Adjusted OIBDA to earnings (loss) before income taxes.

Combined Adjusted OIBDA increased approximately $12 million and $26 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year. The increase was due to the increased operating results of TripAdvisor, partially offset by an increase in Adjusted OIBDA loss at

II-16


 

BuySeasons and corporate and other. Adjusted OIBDA loss at BuySeasons and corporate and other increased by $4 million and $3 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year. The Adjusted OIBDA loss for BuySeasons in 2014 was the net result of lower revenue, as discussed above, partially offset by a slight improvement in profit margin and lower operating expenses during 2014. Such decreases in expenses reflect certain operational efficiencies that resulted from BuySeasons’ cost containment initiatives. See “Results of Operations—TripAdvisor” below for a more complete discussion of the results of operations of TripAdvisor.

In connection with the Trip Spin‑Off, among other matters, we entered into a services agreement and a facilities sharing agreement with Liberty Media. Pursuant to the services agreement, we will pay Liberty Media for certain specified services related to our being a public company including insurance administration and risk management services, legal, investor relations, tax, accounting and internal audit services. Combined fees paid under the services agreement and the facilities agreement is not expected to exceed $4 million annually.

Operating Income (Loss).  Our combined operating income increased approximately $14 million and $35 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014,  respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year. The change in operating income from 2013 was primarily due to the increased operating results of TripAdvisor and lower amortization expense of intangibles related to the assets recognized in connection with the combination of TripAdvisor as the amortization is slightly accelerated due to the estimated usage of such assets. See “Results of Operations—TripAdvisor” below for a more complete discussion of the results of operations of TripAdvisor.

Other Income and Expense

Components of Other Income (Expense) are presented in the table below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended 

 

Six months ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2014

 

2013

 

2014

 

2013

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

Interest expense (including related party)

    

 

    

    

    

    

 

    

    

    

 

TripAdvisor

 

$

(2)

 

(2)

 

 

(4)

 

(5)

 

Corporate and other

 

 

(1)

 

(1)

 

 

(1)

 

(1)

 

Combined TripCo

 

$

(3)

 

(3)

 

 

(5)

 

(6)

 

Other, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TripAdvisor

 

$

 —

 

(2)

 

 

 —

 

(3)

 

Corporate and other

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

Combined TripCo

 

$

 —

 

(2)

 

 

 —

 

(3)

 

 

Interest expense.  Interest expense was relatively flat as the total debt balance did not change significantly as compared to the prior periods.

Other, net.    Other, net improved $2 million and $3 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively, as compared to the corresponding prior year periods. The primary components of other, net are the income and interest earned on marketable securities and net foreign exchange gains and losses. Foreign exchange rates improved during the current year, and the yield on marketable securities improved slightly period over period.

Income taxes.    We had income tax expense of $11 million and a benefit of $1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. We had income tax expense of $15 million and a benefit of $1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The effective rate for these periods was lower than the U.S. federal tax rate of 35% due primarily to earnings in foreign jurisdictions being taxed at rates lower than the U.S. federal tax rate.

Net earnings.  We had net earnings of $17 million and $13 million for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and net earnings of $40 million and $17 million for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and

II-17


 

2013, respectively. The change in net earnings was the result of the above described fluctuations in our revenue and expenses.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of June 30, 2014 substantially all of our cash and cash equivalents are invested in U.S. Treasury securities, other government securities or government guaranteed funds, AAA rated money market funds and other highly rated financial and corporate debt instruments.

The following are potential sources of liquidity: available cash balances, proceeds from asset sales, monetization of our investments, outstanding or anticipated debt facilities, debt and equity issuances, and dividend and interest receipts.

As of June 30, 2014 TripCo had a cash balance of $589 million. Approximately $587 million of the cash balance, at June 30, 2014, is held at TripAdvisor. Although TripCo has a 57% voting interest in TripAdvisor, TripAdvisor is a separate public company with a significant non‑controlling interest, as TripCo has only a 22% economic interest in TripAdvisor. Even though TripCo controls TripAdvisor through its voting interest and board representation, decision making with respect to using TripAdvisors cash balances must consider TripAdvisors minority holders. Accordingly, any potential distributions of cash from TripAdvisor to TripCo would generally be on a pro rata basis based on economic ownership interests. Approximately $300 million of the TripAdvisor cash balance is held by foreign subsidiaries of TripAdvisor which is generally accessible but certain tax consequences may reduce the net amount of cash TripAdvisor is able to utilize for domestic purposes. TripCo has approximately $50 million in corporate cash at the date of the Trip Spin‑Off following the drawdown of $400 million in Margin Loans and distribution to Liberty of $350 million.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months

 

 

 

ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2014

 

2013

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

Cash flow information

    

 

 

    

 

 

Net cash provided (used) by operating activities

 

$

257 

 

120 

 

Net cash provided (used) by investing activities

 

$

(9)

 

(263)

 

Net cash provided (used) by financing activities

 

$

(13)

 

(24)

 

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2014, TripCos primary use of cash was approximately $185 million of net sales of short‑term and long‑term marketable securities and $152 million paid by TripAdvisor for three separate acquisitions, net of cash acquired, to acquire certain international and domestic businesses that operate in complimentary spaces to TripAdvisor. The international acquisitions allow TripAdvisor to reinvest foreign cash in an efficient manner. This use of cash was funded primarily with cash from operations and cash on hand. Uses of cash in the prior period were primarily related to the investment in certain short‑term and long‑term marketable securities.

The projected use of TripCos corporate cash will be to primarily fund any operational cash deficits at BuySeasons and to pay a fee (not expected to exceed $4 million annually) to Liberty Media for providing certain services pursuant to the services agreement and facilities sharing agreement. We anticipate TripCos initial corporate cash balance, at the date of the Trip Spin-Off, will be sufficient to maintain operations for approximately five years. The debt service costs of the Margin Loans described above are paid in kind and become outstanding principal. At the maturity of the Margin Loans, a number of options are available to satisfy the loan as discussed above in potential sources of liquidity. The TripAdvisor projected use of cash, incremental to increased operational investment in the business, will primarily be payment of long term debt obligations and other financial commitments, the continued repurchases of TripAdvisor common stock under their approved share buyback program and investment in new or existing businesses.  Subsequent to quarter end TripAdvisor made additional acquisitions of approximately $200 million.

II-18


 

Results of OperationsTripAdvisor

TripAdvisor, Inc.  Our economic ownership interest in TripAdvisor is 22% and TripCos results include the consolidated results of TripAdvisor and the elimination of approximately 78% of TripAdvisors net income (loss), including purchase accounting adjustments, through the noncontrolling interest line item in the condensed combined statement of operations. TripAdvisor is a separate publicly traded company and additional information about TripAdvisor can be obtained through its website and its public filings. We believe a discussion of TripAdvisors stand alone results promotes a better understanding of overall results of their business. TripAdvisors revenue, Adjusted OIBDA and operating income on a standalone basis for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 were as follows (see tables below for a reconciliation of TripAdvisors standalone results to those amounts reported by TripCo):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months

 

Six months

 

 

 

ended

 

ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2014

 

2013

 

2014

 

2013

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

Revenue

    

 

    

    

    

    

 

    

    

    

 

Click-based advertising

 

$

235 

 

183 

 

 

442 

 

362 

 

Display-based advertising

 

 

37 

 

31 

 

 

69 

 

56 

 

Subscription, transaction and other

 

 

51 

 

33 

 

 

93 

 

59 

 

Total revenue

 

 

323 

 

247 

 

 

604 

 

477 

 

Operating Expense

 

 

44 

 

33 

 

 

84 

 

59 

 

SG&A

 

 

150 

 

101 

 

 

269 

 

196 

 

Adjusted OIBDA

 

 

129 

 

113 

 

 

251 

 

222 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

15 

 

10 

 

 

29 

 

24 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

14 

 

 

 

26 

 

16 

 

Operating income (loss) as reported by TripAdvisor

 

$

100 

 

94 

 

 

196 

 

182 

 

 

Revenue

Revenue increased $76 million and $127 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively, when compared to the corresponding periods in 2013, primarily due to an increase in clickbased advertising revenue of $52 million and $80 million, respectively. The primary driver of the increase in click‑based advertising revenue was an increase in hotel shoppers of 17% and 14%, respectively, which refers to users who view a listing of hotels in a city or visitors who view a specific hotel page as tracked by TripAdvisor, and an increase in revenue per hotel shopper of 11% and 8% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014. Displaybased advertising increased by $6 million and $13 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively, primarily as a result of an 11% and 19% increase in the number of impressions sold, due to increased sales productivity, and an increase in pricing by 4% and 2%, respectively, coupled with worldwide growth particularly in emerging markets when compared to the same periods in 2013. Subscription, transaction and other revenue increased by $18 million and $34 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014,  respectively, primarily due to growth in TripAdvisors Business Listings and Vacation Rentals products.

Adjusted OIBDA

Operating expense

The most significant driver of operating expense is technology and content costs which increased $9 million and $18 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively, when compared to the same periods in 2013. The increase was primarily due to increased personnel costs from increased headcount to support business growth, including international expansion, enhanced site features, as well as additional personnel costs related to employees acquired through recent business acquisitions.

II-19


 

Selling, general and administrative

Direct sales and marketing costs increased $37 million and $50 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 when compared to the same period in 2013, primarily due to increased search engine marketing costs, other traffic acquisition costs and offline advertising costs, partially offset by a decrease in spending in social media. The primary driver of the increase in offline advertising costs is related to a new television campaign that was launched in May 2014 for which TripAdvisor spent $10 million and $11 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively. Personnel and overhead costs increased $7 million and $16 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively, when compared to the same periods in 2013, primarily due to an increase in headcount to support business growth, including international expansion, and employees acquired through recent business acquisitions as well as increased stock-based compensation costs.

General and administrative costs increased $7 million and $10 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014,  respectively, when compared to the same periods in 2013. This increase is primarily due to increased personnel costs and office rental costs as a result of an increase in headcount to support business operations.

Operating Income (Loss)

Operating income, on a standalone basis, was impacted by the above Adjusted OIBDA explanations, offset slightly by an increase in the amortization of capitalized web development costs, and, to a lesser extent, amortization of intangible assets acquired from recent TripAdvisor acquisitions.

The following is a reconciliation of the results as reported by TripAdvisor, used for comparison purposes as discussed above, for a greater understanding of the standalone operations of TripAdvisor, to the results reported by TripCo (amounts in millions):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended  June 30, 2014

 

Six months ended June 30, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase

 

 

 

 

 

As Reported by

 

Accounting

 

As Reported by

 

As Reported by

 

Accounting

 

As Reported by

 

 

 

TripAdvisor

 

Adjustments

 

TripCo

 

TripAdvisor

 

Adjustments

 

TripCo

 

Revenue

    

$

323 

    

 —

    

323 

    

 

604 

    

 —

    

604 

 

Operating Expense

 

 

44 

 

 —

 

44 

 

 

84 

 

 —

 

84 

 

SG&A

 

 

150 

 

 —

 

150 

 

 

269 

 

 —

 

269 

 

Adjusted OIBDA

 

 

129 

 

 —

 

129 

 

 

251 

 

 —

 

251 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

15 

 

 

17 

 

 

29 

 

 

34 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

14 

 

59 

 

73 

 

 

26 

 

116 

 

142 

 

Operating income (loss)

 

$

100 

 

(61)

 

39 

 

 

196 

 

(121)

 

75 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended  June 30, 2013

 

Six months ended June 30, 2013

 

 

    

 

 

    

Purchase

    

 

    

 

 

    

Purchase

    

 

 

 

 

As Reported by

 

Accounting

 

As Reported by

 

As Reported by

 

Accounting

 

As Reported by

 

 

 

TripAdvisor

 

Adjustments

 

TripCo

 

TripAdvisor

 

Adjustments

 

TripCo

 

Revenue

 

$

247 

 

 —

 

247 

 

 

477 

 

 —

 

477 

 

Operating Expense

 

 

33 

 

 —

 

33 

 

 

59 

 

 —

 

59 

 

SG&A

 

 

101 

 

 —

 

101 

 

 

196 

 

 —

 

196 

 

Adjusted OIBDA

 

 

113 

 

 —

 

113 

 

 

222 

 

 —

 

222 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

10 

 

 

13 

 

 

24 

 

 

30 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

 

69 

 

78 

 

 

16 

 

139 

 

155 

 

Operating income (loss)

 

$

94 

 

(72)

 

22 

 

 

182 

 

(145)

 

37 

 

 

 

 

II-20


 

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

We are exposed to market risk in the normal course of business due to our ongoing investing and financial activities and the conduct of operations by our subsidiaries in different foreign countries. Market risk refers to the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in stock prices, interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates. The risk of loss can be assessed from the perspective of adverse changes in fair values, cash flows and future earnings. We have established policies, procedures and internal processes governing our management of market risks and the use of financial instruments to manage our exposure to such risks.

We are exposed to changes in interest rates primarily as a result of our borrowings used to maintain liquidity and to fund business operations. The nature and amount of our long‑term and short‑term debt are expected to vary as a result of future requirements, market conditions and other factors. We plan to manage our overall exposure to interest rates by maintaining what we believe is an appropriate mix of fixed and variable rate debt. We believe this will protect us from interest rate risk. We will achieve this mix by (i) issuing fixed rate debt that we believe has a low stated interest rate and significant term to maturity and (ii) issuing variable rate debt with appropriate maturities and interest rates. As of June 30, 2014, our debt is comprised of the following amounts of variable rate debt: