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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                             to

Commission File Number 001-36603

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

46-3337365
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

12300 Liberty Boulevard, Englewood, Colorado 80112

(Address, including zip code, of Registrant’s principal executive offices)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (720875-5200

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Series A common stock

LTRPA

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Series B common stock

LTRPB

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes    No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes    No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large Accelerated Filer

Accelerated Filer 

Non-accelerated Filer 

Smaller Reporting Company 

Emerging Growth Company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Yes   No 

The number of outstanding shares of Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings, Inc. common stock as of April 30, 2020 was:

Series A

Series B

Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings, Inc. common stock

72,167,796

2,952,569

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Part I – Financial Information

Item 1. Financial Statements

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC. Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited)

I-3

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC. Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited)

I-5

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC. Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Earnings (Loss) (unaudited)

I-6

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC. Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)

I-7

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC. Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity (unaudited)

I-8

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC. Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

I-9

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

I-24

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

I-34

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

I-34

Part II Other Information

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

II-1

Item 1A. Risk Factors

II-1

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

II-5

Item 6. Exhibits

II-6

SIGNATURES

II-7

I-2

Table of Contents

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(unaudited)

    

March 31,

    

December 31,

 

2020

2019

 

amounts in millions

 

Assets

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

812

 

341

Accounts receivable and contract assets, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $25 million and $25 million, respectively

 

159

 

183

Other current assets

 

56

 

33

Total current assets

 

1,027

 

557

Property and equipment, net

 

149

 

155

Intangible assets not subject to amortization:

Goodwill

 

2,513

 

2,527

Trademarks

 

974

 

980

 

3,487

 

3,507

Intangible assets subject to amortization, net

 

258

 

277

Other assets, at cost, net of accumulated amortization

 

226

 

230

Total assets

$

5,147

 

4,726

(continued)

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-3

Table of Contents

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Continued)

(unaudited)

    

March 31,

    

December 31,

 

2020

2019

 

amounts in millions

 

Liabilities and Equity

Current liabilities:

Deferred merchant and other payables

$

105

 

170

Deferred revenue

 

60

 

62

Accrued liabilities and other current liabilities

 

151

 

205

Total current liabilities

 

316

 

437

Long-term debt (note 5)

 

740

 

353

Deferred income tax liabilities

 

259

 

254

Other liabilities

 

373

 

381

Total liabilities

 

1,688

 

1,425

Redeemable preferred stock, $.01 par value. Authorized shares 50,000,000; issued and outstanding 325,000 shares at March 31, 2020 and 0 at December 31, 2019 (note 6)

328

Equity:

Series A common stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 200,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 72,167,796 shares at March 31, 2020 and 72,152,848 at December 31, 2019

1

1

Series B common stock, $.01 par value. Authorized shares 7,500,000; issued and outstanding 2,952,569 shares at March 31, 2020 and 2,929,401 December 31, 2019

Series C common stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 200,000,000 shares; no shares issued.

Additional paid-in capital

242

237

Accumulated other comprehensive earnings (loss), net of taxes

 

(35)

 

(29)

Retained earnings

 

85

 

111

Total stockholders' equity

 

293

 

320

Noncontrolling interests in equity of subsidiaries

 

2,838

 

2,981

Total equity

 

3,131

 

3,301

Commitments and contingencies (note 8)

Total liabilities, redeemable preferred stock and equity

$

5,147

 

4,726

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-4

Table of Contents

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(unaudited)

Three months ended

 

March 31,

 

    

2020

    

2019

 

amounts in millions, except

 

per share amounts

 

Total revenue, net

$

278

376

Operating costs and expenses:

Operating expense, including stock-based compensation (note 2)

 

92

 

94

Selling, general and administrative, including stock-based compensation (note 2)

 

187

 

224

Depreciation and amortization

 

43

 

42

 

322

 

360

Operating income (loss)

 

(44)

 

16

Other income (expense):

Interest expense

 

(7)

 

(5)

Other, net

 

(1)

 

5

 

(8)

 

Earnings (loss) before income taxes

 

(52)

 

16

Income tax (expense) benefit

 

14

 

(5)

Net earnings (loss)

 

(38)

 

11

Less net earnings (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

(19)

 

13

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings, Inc. shareholders

$

(19)

 

(2)

Net earnings (loss) available to common shareholders (note 3)

$

(25)

(2)

Basic net earnings (loss) attributable to Series A and Series B Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings, Inc. shareholders per common share (note 3):

$

(0.33)

(0.03)

Diluted net earnings (loss) attributable to Series A and Series B Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings, Inc. shareholders per common share (note 3):

$

(0.33)

(0.03)

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-5

Table of Contents

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Earnings (Loss)

(unaudited)

Three months ended

March 31,

2020

2019

amounts in millions

Net earnings (loss)

$

(38)

11

Other comprehensive earnings (loss), net of taxes:

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

(27)

1

Other comprehensive earnings (loss)

 

(27)

1

Comprehensive earnings (loss)

 

(65)

12

Less comprehensive earnings (loss) attributable to the noncontrolling interests

 

(40)

14

Comprehensive earnings (loss) attributable to Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings, Inc. shareholders

$

(25)

(2)

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-6

Table of Contents

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(unaudited)

Three months ended

 

March 31,

 

2020

2019

 

amounts in millions

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

    

    

    

Net earnings (loss)

$

(38)

 

11

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities

Depreciation and amortization

 

43

 

42

Stock-based compensation

 

27

 

30

Realized and unrealized (gains) losses on financial instruments, net

(2)

(1)

Deferred income tax expense (benefit)

 

7

 

6

Other charges (credits), net

 

1

 

6

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

Current and other assets

 

5

 

(22)

Payables and other liabilities

 

(125)

 

109

Net cash provided (used) by operating activities

 

(82)

 

181

Cash flows from investing activities:

Capital expended for property and equipment, including internal-use software and website development

 

(20)

 

(17)

Purchases of short term investments and other marketable securities

 

 

(40)

Sales and maturities of short term investments and other marketable securities

 

 

15

Net cash provided (used) by investing activities

 

(20)

 

(42)

Cash flows from financing activities:

Borrowings of debt

 

740

 

Repayments of debt

 

(352)

 

Shares repurchased by subsidiary

(115)

Payment of withholding taxes on net share settlements of equity awards

 

(14)

 

(23)

Issuance of redeemable preferred stock

325

Other financing activities, net

(10)

(1)

Net cash provided (used) by financing activities

 

574

 

(24)

Effect of foreign currency exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

(1)

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

471

 

115

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

 

341

 

672

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

$

812

 

787

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-7

Table of Contents

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity

(unaudited)

Stockholders' equity

Accumulated

Noncontrolling

Additional

other

interest in

Common Stock

paid-in

comprehensive

Retained

equity of

Total

Series A

Series B

Series C

capital

earnings (loss)

earnings

subsidiaries

equity

amounts in millions

Balance at January 1, 2020

    

$

1

    

    

    

237

    

(29)

    

111

    

2,981

    

3,301

Net earnings (loss)

 

 

(19)

    

(19)

    

(38)

Other comprehensive earnings (loss)

 

(6)

 

    

(21)

    

(27)

Stock-based compensation

9

 

 

    

24

    

33

Withholding taxes on net share settlements of stock-based compensation

(14)

 

 

    

    

(14)

Shares repurchased by subsidiary

17

(132)

(115)

Other, net

 

 

 

(7)

 

 

(7)

    

5

    

(9)

Balance at March 31, 2020

$

1

 

 

 

242

 

(35)

 

85

    

2,838

    

3,131

Stockholders' equity

Accumulated

Noncontrolling

Additional

other

interest in

Common Stock

paid-in

comprehensive

Retained

equity of

Total

Series A

Series B

Series C

capital

earnings (loss)

earnings

subsidiaries

equity

amounts in millions

Balance at January 1, 2019

    

$

1

    

    

    

231

    

(29)

    

133

    

3,400

    

3,736

Net earnings (loss)

 

 

(2)

    

13

    

11

Other comprehensive earnings (loss)

 

 

    

1

    

1

Stock-based compensation

9

 

 

    

24

    

33

Withholding taxes on net share settlements of stock-based compensation

(23)

(23)

Shares issued by subsidiary

(2)

2

Cumulative effect of accounting change

1

2

3

Other, net

 

 

 

1

 

 

    

1

    

2

Balance at March 31, 2019

$

1

 

 

 

216

 

(29)

 

132

    

3,443

    

3,763

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements

I-8

Table of Contents

LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

(1) Basis of Presentation

During October 2013, the Board of Directors of Liberty Interactive Corporation and its subsidiaries (“Liberty”) (subsequently renamed Qurate Retail, Inc. (“Qurate Retail”)) authorized a plan to distribute to the stockholders of Liberty’s then-outstanding Liberty Ventures common stock shares of a wholly-owned subsidiary, Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings, Inc. (“TripCo,” “Consolidated TripCo,” the “Company,” “we,” “our” or “us,” unless the context otherwise requires) (the “TripCo Spin-Off”). TripCo does not have any operations outside of its controlling interest in its subsidiary Tripadvisor, Inc. (“Tripadvisor”). Tripadvisor’s financial performance tends to be seasonally highest in the second and third quarters of a given year, which includes the seasonal peak in consumer demand, traveler hotel and rental stays, and travel activities and experiences taken, compared to the first and fourth quarters, which represent seasonal low points.

The accompanying (a) condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2019, which has been derived from audited financial statements, and (b) the interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results for such periods have been included. Additionally, certain prior period amounts have been reclassified for comparability with the current period presentation. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes for the year ended December 31, 2019 as presented in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Company considers (i) recognition and recoverability of goodwill, intangible and long-lived assets and (ii) accounting for income taxes to be its most significant estimates.

In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus (“COVID-19”) was reported in Wuhan, China. On January 30, 2020 the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 to constitute a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern” and subsequently, on March 11, 2020, declared COVID-19 to constitute a “Pandemic.” The Company is subject to risks and uncertainties as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The impact of COVID-19 has caused material declines in demand within the travel, hospitality, restaurant and leisure industry concurrent with travel bans and increased governmental restrictions and mandates globally that has dampened consumer demand for Tripadvisor’s products and services, which has adversely and materially affected its business, results of operations and financial condition. Tripadvisor believes the travel industry and its business will continue to be adversely and materially affected while travel bans and other government restrictions and mandates remain in place. However, the extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its business is highly uncertain and difficult to predict, as the response to the pandemic is ongoing, information is rapidly evolving, and the duration and severity of the pandemic are also uncertain and cannot be predicted. In addition, Tripadvisor does not have visibility into when these bans will be lifted, nor does it have visibility into the changes to consumer usage patterns on its platform or travel behavior patterns when travel bans and other government restrictions and mandates are lifted.

Furthermore, capital markets and economies worldwide have also been negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, and it is possible that it could cause a local and/or global economic recession. Such economic disruption could have a material adverse effect on Tripadvisor’s business as consumers reduce their discretionary spending. Policymakers around the globe have responded with fiscal policy actions to support certain areas of the travel industry and economy as

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LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

a whole. The magnitude and overall effectiveness of these actions remains uncertain.

The Company's future results of operations and liquidity could also be adversely impacted by delays in payments of outstanding accounts receivable amounts beyond normal payment terms, travel supplier and restaurant insolvencies, and the impact of any initiatives or programs that Tripadvisor may undertake to address financial and operational challenges faced by Tripadvisor and its customers. As of the date of issuance of these condensed consolidated financial statements, the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic may materially impact the Company's financial condition, liquidity, or results of operations in the future is uncertain.

During the fourth quarter of 2019, we elected to bypass a qualitative assessment and proceed directly to performing a quantitative impairment test for Tripadvisor’s trademark. The fair value of our indefinite-lived trademark was estimated to be $975 million using the relief from royalty method. Due to deteriorating revenue, an impairment loss of $288 million was recorded during the year ended December 31, 2019 related to trademarks, related to the hotels, media & platform reporting unit.  

The carrying value of the trademark was $974 million as of March 31, 2020. As of March 31, 2020, TripCo conducted a thorough evaluation of relevant events and circumstances, including the recent declines in revenue and consideration of potential changes in the key inputs to determining the fair value of the trademark. Based on such evaluation, we do not believe it is more likely than not that the fair value of trademark is below its carrying value as of March 31, 2020. However, further declines in Tripadvisor’s future revenue outlook due to the impact of COVID-19 could result in a decrease in the fair value of the trademark. Accordingly, TripCo believes the trademark is at an elevated risk for impairment in future periods. A future decrease in the fair value may result in a determination that an impairment adjustment is required, which could be material. If an impairment charge is necessary in future periods, the impact to TripCo shareholders is diminished as a large portion would be attributable to the non-controlling interests due to the ownership structure of Tripadvisor. TripCo will continue to monitor events and circumstances that may affect the fair value or carrying value of our trademark.

The carrying value of TripCo’s goodwill was $2.5 billion as of March 31, 2020. TripCo conducted a thorough evaluation of relevant events and circumstances that would materially impact the fair value of each of our reporting units as of March 31, 2020. Based on such evaluation, we do not believe it is more likely than not that the fair value of our reporting units are below their respective carrying values as of March 31, 2020. However, we believe the passage of time will provide new information regarding the expected duration and severity of impacts of COVID-19 on the economy as a whole and on Tripadvisor’s business. On March 18, 2020, Tripadvisor issued a press release announcing the withdrawal of its previously announced full-year 2020 financial outlook guidance due to the increased adverse impacts of the COVID-19 outbreak and the uncertainty it has created on global travel trends. Management of Tripadvisor is currently working through a reforecasting process which will include determining revised revenue projections as well as identifying various cost reduction strategies.  However, it is uncertain whether or when Tripadvisor will recover the decrease in its trading value. Accordingly, TripCo believes all of its reporting units are at an elevated risk for impairment in future periods. Declines in the future revenue outlook, cash flows, or other factors could result in a determination that an impairment adjustment is required in future periods, which could be material. If an impairment charge is necessary, the impact to TripCo shareholders is diminished as a large portion would be attributable to the non-controlling interests due to the ownership structure of Tripadvisor. TripCo will continue to monitor events and circumstances that may affect the fair value or carrying value of our reporting units.

On March 26, 2020, TripCo issued and sold 325,000 shares of TripCo’s newly-created 8% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Series A Preferred Stock”) for a purchase price of $1,000 per share. See further discussion about the Series A Preferred Stock in note 6.

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LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

Spin-Off of TripCo from Qurate Retail  

Following the TripCo Spin-Off, Qurate Retail and TripCo operate as separate, publicly traded companies, and neither has any stock ownership, beneficial or otherwise, in the other. In connection with the TripCo Spin-Off, TripCo entered into certain agreements, including the services agreement, the facilities sharing agreement and the tax sharing agreement, with Qurate Retail and/or Liberty Media Corporation (“Liberty Media”) (or certain of their subsidiaries) in order to govern certain of the ongoing relationships between the companies after the TripCo Spin-Off and to provide for an orderly transition.

Pursuant to the services agreement (except as described below in respect to Gregory B. Maffei), Liberty Media provides TripCo with general and administrative services including legal, tax, accounting, treasury and investor relations support. TripCo reimburses Liberty Media for direct, out-of-pocket expenses incurred by Liberty Media in providing these services and TripCo pays a services fee to Liberty Media under the services agreement that is subject to adjustment semi-annually, as necessary.

In December 2019, TripCo entered into an amendment to the services agreement with Liberty Media in connection with Liberty Media’s entry into a new employment arrangement with Gregory B. Maffei, TripCo’s Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer.  Under the amended services agreement, components of his compensation will either be paid directly to him by each of TripCo, Liberty Broadband Corporation, GCI Liberty, Inc. and Qurate Retail (collectively, the “Service Companies”) or reimbursed to Liberty Media, in each case, based on allocations among Liberty Media and the Service Companies set forth in the amended services agreement, currently set at 5% for the Company.

Under the facilities sharing agreement, TripCo shares office space with Liberty Media and related amenities at Liberty Media’s corporate headquarters in Englewood, Colorado.

The tax sharing agreement provides for the allocation and indemnification of tax liabilities and benefits between Qurate Retail and TripCo and other agreements related to tax matters.

Under these agreements, approximately $1 million was reimbursable to Liberty Media for both of the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

(2) Stock-Based Compensation

TripCo Incentive Plans

TripCo has granted to certain of its directors and employees restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and stock options to purchase shares of TripCo common stock (collectively, “Awards”). TripCo measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for an equity classified Award based on the grant-date fair value (“GDFV”) of the Award, and recognizes that cost over the period during which the employee is required to provide service (usually the vesting period of the Award).  The Company measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for a liability classified Award based on the current fair value of the Award, and remeasures the fair value of the Award at each reporting date.

TripCo has calculated the GDFV for all of its equity classified Awards and any subsequent remeasurement of its liability classified Awards using the Black-Scholes-Merton model. TripCo estimates the expected term of the Awards based on historical exercise and forfeiture data. The volatility used in the calculation for Awards is based on the historical volatility of TripCo common stock. TripCo uses a zero dividend rate and the risk-free rate for Treasury Bonds with a term similar to that of the subject options.

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LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

Included in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations are the following amounts of stock-based compensation, the majority of which relates to Tripadvisor as discussed below:

Three months ended

 

March 31,

 

    

2020

    

2019

 

amounts in millions

 

Operating expense

$

11

12

Selling, general and administrative expense

 

16

 

18

$

27

 

30

Stock-based compensation expense related to Tripadvisor was $26 million and $27 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

TripCo - Outstanding Awards

The following tables present the number and weighted average exercise price (“WAEP”) of the Awards to purchase TripCo common stock granted to certain officers, employees and directors of the Company, as well as the weighted average remaining contractual life and aggregate intrinsic value of the Awards.

Weighted

average

remaining

Aggregate

contractual

intrinsic

Series A

WAEP

life

value

in thousands

in years

in millions

Outstanding at January 1, 2020

 

717

$

13.65

Granted

 

$

Exercised

 

$

Forfeited/Cancelled

 

(271)

$

14.11

Outstanding at March 31, 2020

 

446

$

13.38

 

5.0

$

Exercisable at March 31, 2020

 

295

$

16.54

 

4.1

$

    

    

    

    

    

Weighted

    

    

 

average

 

remaining

Aggregate

 

contractual

intrinsic

 

Series B

WAEP

life

value

 

in thousands

in years

in millions

 

Outstanding at January 1, 2020

 

1,824

$

27.63

 

Granted

 

$

 

Exercised

 

$

 

Forfeited/Cancelled

 

$

Outstanding at March 31, 2020

 

1,824

$

27.63

 

4.8

$

Exercisable at March 31, 2020

 

1,824

$

27.63

 

4.8

$

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, TripCo granted 242 thousand performance-based RSUs of Series B TripCo common stock to our CEO. The RSUs had a GDFV of $3.08 per share at the time they were granted.  The RSUs cliff vest one year from the month of grant, subject to the satisfaction of certain performance objectives. Performance objectives, which are subjective, are considered in determining the timing and amount of the compensation expense recognized. When the satisfaction of the performance objectives becomes probable, the Company records compensation

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LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

expense. The probability of satisfying the performance objectives is assessed at the end of each reporting period.

There were no options to purchase shares of Series A common stock granted during the three months ended March 31, 2020. There was no activity during the period related to the TripCo Series B options.

As of March 31, 2020, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested Awards was approximately $409 thousand. Such amount will be recognized in the Company's condensed consolidated statements of operations over a weighted average period of approximately two years.

As of March 31, 2020, TripCo reserved 2.3 million shares of Series A and Series B common stock for issuance under exercise privileges of outstanding stock Awards.

Tripadvisor Equity Grant Awards

The following table presents the number and WAEP of the Awards to purchase Tripadvisor common stock granted to certain officers, employees and directors of Tripadvisor.

Weighted

average

TripAdvisor

remaining

Aggregate

stock

contractual

intrinsic

options

WAEP

life

value

in thousands

in years

in millions

Outstanding at January 1, 2020

 

6,017

$

50.27

Granted

 

1,046

$

25.73

Exercised

 

(1)

$

18.05

Cancelled or expired

(120)

$

45.35

Outstanding at March 31, 2020

 

6,942

$

46.67

 

6.1

$

Exercisable at March 31, 2020

 

3,808

$

55.99

 

4.1

$

The weighted average GDFV of options granted was $10.18 for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

As of March 31, 2020, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested Tripadvisor stock options was approximately $36 million and will be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 2.8 years. The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised was not material and $1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Additionally, during the three months ended March 31, 2020, Tripadvisor granted 4.6 million units, which included primarily service-based RSUs, as well as a limited number of market-based restricted stock units (“MSUs”) under the 2018 Stock and Annual Incentive Plan. The RSUs’ fair value was measured based on the quoted price of Tripadvisor common stock at the date of grant. As the MSUs provide for vesting based upon Tripadvisor’s total shareholder return, or “TSR,” performance, the potential outcomes of future stock prices and TSR of Tripadvisor and the Nasdaq Composite Total Return Index, was used to calculate the GDFV of these awards. The weighted average GDFV for RSUs and MSUs granted during the three months ended March 31, 2020 was $25.78 per share. As of March 31, 2020, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to Tripadvisor RSUs and MSUs was approximately $311 million and will be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 2.9 years.

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LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

(3) Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share (EPS)

Basic earnings (loss) per common share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing net earnings (loss) attributable to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding (“WASO”) for the period. Diluted EPS presents the dilutive effect on a per share basis of potential common shares as if they had been converted at the beginning of the periods presented. Excluded from EPS for both the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 are 2 million potential common shares due to stock options, because their inclusion would be antidilutive. Also excluded from EPS for the three months ended March 31, 2020, because their inclusion would be antidilutive, were 13 million shares that are contingently issuable at the Company’s election pursuant to an exercise of the Put Right (defined and described in note 6), which were calculated in accordance with the terms of the Certificate of Designations for the Series A Preferred Stock as if the Put Right had been exercised at March 31, 2020.  

Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings Common Stock

Three months ended

March 31,

2020

2019

number of shares in millions

Numerator

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings, Inc. shareholders

$

(19)

(2)

Less: Preferred stock carrying value adjustment and transaction costs

6

Net earnings (loss) available to common shareholders

$

(25)

(2)

Denominator

Basic WASO

 

75

 

75

Potentially dilutive shares

 

 

Diluted WASO

 

75

 

75

(4) Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value

For assets and liabilities required to be reported at fair value, GAAP provides a hierarchy that prioritizes inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels. Level 1 inputs are quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date. Level 2 inputs are inputs, other than quoted market prices included within Level 1, that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability. The Company does not have any material recurring assets or liabilities measured at fair value that would be considered Level 3.

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LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

The Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value are as follows:

March 31, 2020

December 31, 2019

 

Quoted prices

Significant

Quoted prices

Significant

 

in active

other

in active

other

 

markets for

observable

markets for

observable

 

identical assets

inputs

identical assets

inputs

 

Description

Total

(Level 1)

(Level 2)

Total

(Level 1)

(Level 2)

 

amounts in millions

 

Cash equivalents

    

$

514

    

64

    

450

    

22

22

Variable prepaid forward

$

7

7

On March 9, 2020, TripSPV, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, entered into a variable prepaid forward transaction (the “VPF”) with a financial institution with respect to 2.4 million shares of Tripadvisor common stock held by the Company with a forward floor price of $17.25 per share and a forward cap price of $26.84 per share. Pursuant to the terms of the VPF, TripSPV received a prepayment of $34 million on March 17, 2020 (see note 5). The asset associated with this instrument is included in other assets in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Changes in the fair value of the VPF are recognized in realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

The fair value of Level 2 cash equivalents and marketable securities were obtained from pricing sources for identical or comparable instruments, rather than direct observations of quoted prices in active markets. Marketable securities are included in other current assets and other assets in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. The fair value of Level 2 derivative assets were derived from a Black-Scholes-Merton model using observable market data as the significant inputs.

Other Financial Instruments

Other financial instruments not measured at fair value on a recurring basis include trade receivables, trade payables, accrued and other current liabilities, current portion of debt and long-term debt. With the exception of debt, the carrying amount approximates fair value due to the short maturity of these instruments as reported on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. The carrying value of our debt bears interest at a variable rate and therefore is also considered to approximate fair value.

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LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

(5) Debt

Outstanding debt at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 is summarized as follows:

March 31,

December 31,

 

2020

2019

 

amounts in millions

 

TripCo margin loan

$

355

TripCo variable prepaid forward

40

TripAdvisor Credit Facilities

700

Deferred financing costs

(2)

Total consolidated TripCo debt

740

 

353

Debt classified as current

 

 

Total long-term debt

$

740

 

353

TripCo Margin Loan and Variable Prepaid Forward  

On March 10, 2020, a wholly owned subsidiary of TripCo amended the margin loan agreement, dated as of June 10, 2019, which, among other things, modified the margin call thresholds which would require mandatory prepayment of the margin loan.

On March 12, 2020, the closing share price of Tripadvisor common stock price fell below the minimum value and triggered the mandatory prepayment of all amounts outstanding under the margin loan.  In connection with the VPF entered into on March 9, 2020, as described in note 4, TripCo received a prepayment of $34 million on March 17, 2020 The term of the VPF is three years. At maturity, the accreted loan amount due will be approximately $42 million.  As of March 31, 2020, 2.4 million shares of Tripadvisor common stock, with a value of approximately $42 million, were pledged as collateral pursuant to the VPF contract.

On March 26, 2020, the proceeds from the VPF, proceeds from the Series A Preferred Stock (described and defined in note 6) issuance, and cash on hand were used to pay all amounts outstanding under the margin loan, which aggregated $363 million, including accrued interest.

Tripadvisor Credit Facilities

Tripadvisor is party to a credit agreement, with a group of lenders, which, among other things, as of March 31, 2020, provided for a $1.2 billion unsecured revolving credit facility (the “2015 Credit Facility”) with a maturity date of May 12, 2022. Borrowings under the 2015 Credit Facility generally bear interest, at Tripadvisor’s option, at a rate per annum equal to either (i) the Eurocurrency Borrowing rate, or the adjusted LIBOR for the interest period in effect for such borrowing; plus an applicable margin ranging from 1.25% to 2.00%, based on Tripadvisor’s leverage ratio; or (ii) the Alternate Base Rate Borrowing, which is the greatest of (a) the Prime Rate in effect on such day, (b) the New York Fed Bank Rate in effect on such day plus 1/2 of 1.00% per annum and (c) the Adjusted LIBOR (or LIBOR multiplied by the Statutory Reserve Rate) for an interest period of one month plus 1.00%; in addition to an applicable margin ranging from 0.25% to 1.00%, based on Tripadvisor’s leverage ratio. Tripadvisor may borrow from the 2015 Credit Facility in U.S. dollars, Euros and British pounds. In addition, Tripadvisor’s 2015 Credit Facility includes $15 million of borrowing capacity available for letters of credit and $40 million for Swing Line borrowings on same-day notice. As of March 31, 2020, Tripadvisor had issued $3 million of outstanding letters of credit under the 2015 Credit Facility. Tripadvisor is also required to pay a quarterly commitment fee, at an applicable rate ranging from 0.15% to 0.30%, on the daily unused portion of the revolving credit facility for each fiscal quarter and additional fees in connection with the issuance of letters of credit. As of March 31,

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LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

2020, Tripadvisor’s unused revolver capacity was subject to a commitment fee of 0.15%, given Tripadvisor’s leverage ratio.

As of March 31, 2020 Tripadvisor had $700 million in outstanding borrowings under the 2015 Credit Facility, and as of December 31, 2019 Tripadvisor had no outstanding borrowings under the 2015 Credit Facility.  These funds were drawn down as a precautionary measure and Tripadvisor intends that this borrowing will primarily be used to reinforce Tripadvisor’s liquidity position and preserve financial flexibility in light of current uncertainty in the global markets resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. As of March 31, 2020, based on Tripadvisor’s leverage ratio, Tripadvisor was borrowing at an interest rate of 2.1% per annum, using a one-month interest period Eurocurrency Spread, which will reset periodically. For both the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, Tripadvisor recorded total interest expense and commitment fees on its 2015 Credit Facility of $1 million to interest expense on the condensed consolidated statements of operations. All unpaid interest and commitment fee amounts as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 were not material.

There is no specific repayment date prior to the maturity date for any borrowings under this credit agreement. Tripadvisor may voluntarily repay any outstanding borrowing under the 2015 Credit Facility at any time without premium or penalty, other than customary breakage costs with respect to Eurocurrency loans. Additionally, Tripadvisor believes that the likelihood of the lender exercising any subjective acceleration rights, which would permit the lenders to accelerate repayment of any outstanding borrowings, is remote. As such, Tripadvisor classifies any borrowings under this facility as long-term debt. The 2015 Credit Facility contains a number of covenants that, among other things, restrict Tripadvisor’s ability to: incur additional indebtedness, create liens, enter into sale and leaseback transactions, engage in mergers or consolidations, sell or transfer assets, pay dividends and distributions, make investments, loans or advances, prepay certain subordinated indebtedness, make certain acquisitions, engage in certain transactions with affiliates, amend material agreements governing certain subordinated indebtedness, and change its fiscal year. The 2015 Credit Facility also requires Tripadvisor to maintain a maximum leverage ratio and contains certain customary affirmative covenants and events of default, including a change of control. If an event of default occurs, the lenders under the 2015 Credit Facility will be entitled to take various actions, including the acceleration of all amounts due under the 2015 Credit Facility.

On May 5, 2020,  Tripadvisor amended its 2015 Credit Facility (“Second Amendment”) to, among other things, suspend the leverage ratio covenant required to borrow on this facility beginning in the second quarter of 2020 and ending prior to September 30, 2021 (or such earlier date as elected by Tripadvisor), and replacing it with a minimum liquidity covenant which requires Tripadvisor to maintain unrestricted cash, cash equivalents, short-term marketable securities and unborrowed revolver capacity of $150 million, as well as downsizing its capacity to $1.0 billion from $1.2 billion. The Second Amendment also prohibits Tripadvisor from repurchasing shares of its common stock, and paying dividends, among other restrictions, during the time period that the leverage ratio covenant has been suspended. In connection with the Second Amendment and as collateral to secure the obligations, Tripadvisor and certain subsidiaries have pledged, and granted security interests and liens in and on, substantially all of their assets. No change was made to the existing maturity date of the 2015 Credit Facility of May 12, 2022.

Tripadvisor’s Chinese subsidiary is party to a $30 million, one-year revolving credit facility with Bank of America that is currently subject to review on a periodic basis with no specific expiration period. This credit facility generally bears interest at a rate based on the People’s Bank of China benchmark, including certain adjustments, which may be made in accordance with market conditions at the time of borrowing. As of both March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there were no outstanding borrowings under this credit facility.

Debt Covenants

As of March 31, 2020, Tripadvisor was in compliance with their debt covenants.

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LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

(6) Redeemable Preferred Stock

On March 15, 2020, TripCo and Gregory B. Maffei entered into an Investment Agreement (the “Investment Agreement”) with Certares Holdings LLC, Certares Holdings (Blockable) LLC and Certares Holdings (Optional) LLC with respect to an investment in TripCo’s Series A Preferred Stock, which was later assigned to Certares LTRIP LLC (“Certares” or the “Purchaser”). Pursuant to the assigned Investment Agreement, on March 26, 2020, TripCo issued 325,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock to Certares for a purchase price of $1,000 per share. 

Priority

The Series A Preferred Stock ranks senior to the shares of common stock of TripCo, with respect to dividend rights, rights of redemption and rights on the distribution of assets on any voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the affairs of TripCo. The Series A Preferred Stock has a liquidation value equal to the sum of (i) $1,000, plus (ii) all unpaid dividends (whether or not declared) accrued with respect to such share.

Voting and Convertibility

 Holders of Series A Preferred Stock are not entitled to any voting powers, except as otherwise specified in the Certificate of Designations or as required by Delaware law. Shares of Series A Preferred Stock are not convertible into TripCo common stock.

Dividends

 Dividends on each share of Series A Preferred Stock will accrue on a daily basis at a rate of 8.00% of the liquidation value and will be payable annually, commencing after March 26, 2020. Dividends on each share of Series A Preferred Stock may be paid, at TripCo’s election, in cash, shares of the Company’s Series A common stock (“LTRPA”), or, at the election of the Purchaser, shares of the Company’s Series C common stock (“LTRPK”), provided, in each case, such shares are listed on a national securities exchange and are actively traded (such LTRPK shares, together with the LTRPA shares, the “Eligible Common Stock”), or a combination of cash and Eligible Common Stock. If a dividend is not declared and paid on the dividend payment date, the dividend amount will be added to the then-applicable liquidation price of the Series A Preferred Stock.

Redemption

The Company is required to redeem for cash shares of Series A Preferred Stock on the earlier of (i) the first business day after the fifth anniversary of March 26, 2020, or (ii) subject to certain exceptions, a change in control of TripCo. The “Redemption Price” in a mandatory redemption or the exercise of a holder’s put right will equal the greater of (i) the sum of the liquidation value on the redemption date, plus all unpaid dividends accrued since the last dividend date, and (ii) the product of the (x) initial liquidation value, multiplied by (y) an accretion factor (determined based on a formula set forth in the Certificate of Designations for the Series A Preferred Stock) with respect to the Tripadvisor Common Stock, less (z) the aggregate amount of all dividends paid in cash or shares of Eligible Common Stock from March 26, 2020 through the applicable redemption date.

Put Right

Following March 26, 2021, the Purchaser will have the right to cause TripCo to redeem all of the outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock at the Redemption Price for, at the election of TripCo, cash, shares of Eligible Common Stock, shares of Tripadvisor Common Stock or any combination of the foregoing, subject to certain limitations (the “Put Option”). The Purchaser may exercise its put right by delivering notice to TripCo within a certain number of days following the filing by TripCo of its periodic reports with the SEC, and TripCo will have 180 days from the delivery of such notice to redeem the outstanding Series A Preferred Stock. If TripCo determines not to redeem the Series A Preferred Stock within

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LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

that 180-day period, TripCo may facilitate the sale of the Series A Preferred Stock and, if necessary, make the Purchaser whole for any shortfall from the redemption price. The Company evaluated the Put Option as an embedded derivative and determined it is not required to be bifurcated.

Recognition

As the Series A Preferred Stock is redeemable and the redemption triggers are outside of TripCo’s control, the Company is required to classify the shares outside of permanent equity.  The Company will calculate the carrying value of the Series A Preferred Stock pursuant to the Redemption Price calculation, and any changes in the carrying value of the Series A Preferred Stock will be recorded directly to retained earnings, or to additional paid-in capital in the absence of retained earnings. The Company must adjust net earnings for the change in the carrying value of the Series A Preferred Stock to determine the net earnings attributable to common shareholders to be used in the calculation of EPS.  For the three months ended March 31, 2020, the adjustment for the Redemption Price was approximately $3 million. In addition, transaction costs were approximately $3 million (see note 3 for a reconciliation of these amounts) for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

(7) Stockholders’ Equity

Preferred Stock

TripCo’s preferred stock is issuable, from time to time, with such powers, designations, preferences and relative, participating, optional or other rights and qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereof, as shall be stated and expressed in a resolution or resolutions providing for the issue of such preferred stock adopted by TripCo’s Board of Directors.  See note 6 for a description of TripCo’s Series A Preferred Stock.

Common Stock

Series A common stock entitles the holders to one vote per share, Series B common stock entitles the holders to ten votes per share and Series C common stock, except as otherwise required by applicable law, entitles the holder to no voting rights.  As of March 31, 2020, no shares of Series C common stock have been issued. All series of TripCo common stock participate on an equal basis with respect to dividends and distributions.

Subsidiary Purchases of Common Stock

During the quarter ended March 31, 2020, Tripadvisor repurchased 4,707,450 shares of its outstanding common stock for $115 million in the aggregate. As of March 31, 2020, Tripadvisor had approximately $75 million remaining available to repurchase shares of its common stock under this share repurchase program.

(8) Commitments and Contingencies

Litigation

In the ordinary course of business, the Company and its subsidiaries are parties to legal proceedings and claims arising out of our operations. These matters may relate to claims involving alleged infringement of third-party intellectual property rights, defamation, taxes, regulatory compliance and other claims. Although it is reasonably possible that the Company may incur losses upon conclusion of such matters, an estimate of any loss or range of loss cannot be made. In the opinion of management, it is expected that amounts, if any, which may be required to satisfy such contingencies will not be material in relation to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.

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LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

(9) Segment Information

TripCo, through its ownership interests in Tripadvisor, is primarily engaged in the online commerce industries. TripCo identifies its reportable segments as (A) those operating segments that represent 10% or more of its consolidated annual revenue, annual adjusted operating income before depreciation and amortization (“Adjusted OIBDA”) or total assets and (B) those equity method affiliates whose share of earnings represent 10% or more of TripCo’s annual pre-tax earnings.

TripCo evaluates performance and makes decisions about allocating resources to its operating segments based on financial measures such as revenue, Adjusted OIBDA, gross margin, and revenue or sales per customer equivalent. In addition, TripCo reviews nonfinancial measures such as unique website visitors, conversion rates and active customers, as appropriate.

We have identified the following as reportable segments:

Hotels, Media & Platform – includes the following revenue sources: (1) Tripadvisor-branded hotels revenue – primarily consisting of Tripadvisor-branded hotel metasearch auction-based revenue, transaction revenue from Tripadvisor’s hotel instant booking feature, subscription-based advertising revenue and hotel sponsored placements advertising revenue; and (2) Tripadvisor-branded display and platform revenue – consisting of Tripadvisor-branded display-based revenue. All direct general and administrative costs are included in the applicable segments and business units, however, all corporate general and administrative costs are included in the Hotels, Media & Platform reportable segment. In addition, the Hotels, Media & Platform reportable segment includes all Tripadvisor-related brand advertising expenses (primarily television advertising) and technical infrastructure and other costs supporting the Tripadvisor platform.
Experiences & Dining – Tripadvisor provides information and services for consumers to research, book and experience activities and attractions in popular travel destinations both through Viator, Tripadvisor’s dedicated Experiences business, and on Tripadvisor’s website and mobile apps.  Tripadvisor generates commissions for each booking transaction it facilitates through its online reservation system. Tripadvisor also provides information and services for consumers to research and book restaurants in popular travel destinations through its dedicated restaurant reservations business, TheFork, and on Tripadvisor-branded websites and mobile apps.

Tripadvisor’s accounting policies are the same as those described in the Company’s Summary of Significant Accounting Policies included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

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LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

Performance Measures

Tripadvisor disaggregates revenue from contracts with customers into major products/revenue sources. Tripadvisor has determined that disaggregating revenue into these categories achieves the disclosure objective to depict how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors. Revenue is recognized primarily at a point in time for all reported segments.

Three months ended

March 31,

2020

    

2019

amounts in millions

Hotels, Media & Platform

TripAdvisor-branded hotels

$

137

216

TripAdvisor-branded display and platform

32

38

Total Hotels, Media & Platform

169

254

Experiences & Dining

83

80

Corporate and other

26

42

Total Revenue

$

278

376

The following table provides information about the opening and closing balances of accounts receivable and contract assets from contracts with customers:

March 31, 2020

December 31, 2019

amounts in millions

Accounts receivable

$

154

176

Contract assets

5

7

Total

$

159

183

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LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

Accounts receivable are recognized when the right to consideration becomes unconditional. Contract assets are rights to consideration in exchange for services that Tripadvisor has transferred to a customer when that right is conditional on something other than the passage of time, such as commission payments that are contingent upon the completion of the service by the principal in the transaction. Contract liabilities generally include payments received in advance of performance under the contract, and are realized as revenue as the performance obligation to the customer is satisfied, which Tripadvisor presents as deferred revenue on its consolidated balance sheets. As of January 1, 2020, Tripadvisor had $62 million recorded as deferred revenue on its condensed consolidated balance sheet, of which $32 million was recognized into revenue and $6 million was refunded due to cancellations by travelers during the three months ended March 31, 2020. As of January 1, 2019, Tripadvisor had $63 million recorded as deferred revenue in the condensed consolidated balance sheet, of which $34 million was recognized in revenue and $1 million was refunded due to cancellations by travelers during the three months ended March 31, 2019, respectively.  The difference between the opening and closing balances of Tripadvisor’s deferred revenue primarily results from the timing differences between when Tripadvisor receives customer payments and the time in which Tripadvisor satisfies its performance obligations. The difference between the opening and closing balances of Tripadvisor’s contract assets primarily results from the timing difference between when Tripadvisor satisfies its performance obligations and the time when the principal completes the service in the transaction. There were no significant changes in contract assets or deferred revenue during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 related to business combinations, impairments, cumulative catch-ups or other material adjustments. However, to the extent the COVID-19 pandemic continues, Tripadvisor may incur significant and unanticipated cancellations, re-bookings and similar matters from its customers related to future travel, accommodations and tour bookings, which had been reserved by travelers in the pre-COVID-19 timeframe and recorded as deferred revenue as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

For segment reporting purposes, TripCo defines Adjusted OIBDA as revenue less operating expenses, and selling, general and administrative expenses (excluding stock-based compensation), adjusted for specifically identified non-recurring transactions. TripCo believes this measure is an important indicator of the operational strength and performance of its businesses by identifying those items that are not directly a reflection of each business’ performance or indicative of ongoing business trends. In addition, this measure allows management to view operating results, and perform analytical comparisons and benchmarking between businesses and identify strategies to improve performance. This measure of performance excludes depreciation and amortization, equity settled liabilities (including stock-based compensation), separately reported litigation settlements and restructuring and impairment charges that are included in the measurement of operating income pursuant to GAAP. Accordingly, Adjusted OIBDA should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, operating income, net income, cash flow provided by operating activities and other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. TripCo generally accounts for intersegment sales and transfers as if the sales or transfers were to third parties, that is, at current prices.

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LIBERTY TRIPADVISOR HOLDINGS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

Adjusted OIBDA is summarized as follows:

Three months ended

 

March 31,

2020

2019

 

amounts in millions

Hotels, Media & Platform

    

$

53

    

105

Experiences & Dining

(19)

(24)

Corporate and other

 

1

 

7

Consolidated TripCo

$

35

 

88

In addition, we do not report assets, capital expenditures and related depreciation expense by segment as our CODM does not use this information to evaluate operating segments. Accordingly, we do not regularly provide such information by segment to our CODM.

The following table provides a reconciliation of Adjusted OIBDA to Operating income (loss) and Earnings (loss) before income taxes:

Three months ended

March 31,

2020

2019

amounts in millions

Adjusted OIBDA

    

$

35

    

88

Stock-based compensation

 

(27)

 

(30)

Depreciation and amortization

 

(43)

 

(42)

Restructuring charges

(9)

Operating income (loss)

(44)

16

Interest expense

 

(7)

 

(5)

Other, net

 

(1)

 

5

Earnings (loss) before income taxes

$

(52)

 

16

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Certain statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements regarding our business and marketing strategies; the impacts of the coronavirus (“COVID-19”); cost reduction measures and related impacts; the recoverability of our goodwill and other long-lived assets; our projected sources and uses of cash; the payment of dividends by Tripadvisor, Inc. (“Tripadvisor”); anticipated debt obligations; fluctuations in interest rates and foreign exchange rates; and the anticipated impact of certain contingent liabilities related to tax rules and other matters arising in the ordinary course of business. Forward-looking statements inherently involve many risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in these statements. Where, in any forward-looking statement, we express an expectation or belief as to future results or events, such expectation or belief is expressed in good faith and believed to have a reasonable basis, but such statements necessarily involve risks and uncertainties and there can be no assurance that the expectation or belief will result or be achieved or accomplished. The following include some but not all of the factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those anticipated:

general business conditions, economic uncertainty or downturn, including the impacts of COVID-19 pandemic to unemployment levels and demand within the travel, hospitality, restaurant and leisure industry;
our ability to obtain cash in amounts sufficient to service our obligations;
the ability of our Company and Tripadvisor to obtain additional financing or of Tripadvisor to refinance its existing indebtedness in the future;
the effects of Tripadvisor’s current or our Company’s and Tripadvisor’s future indebtedness and the related agreements;
impairments of intangible assets;
Tripadvisor’s ability to attract visitors to its websites and mobile apps and cost-effectively convert visitors into revenue-generating users;
the impact of changes in search engine algorithms and dynamics or search engine disintermediation;
reductions in spending by advertisers or the loss of advertising partners;
damage to Tripadvisor’ brands;
declines or disruptions in the economy in general or the travel industry in particular;
the ability of Tripadvisor to successfully compete in an increasingly competitive global environment;
the ability of Tripadvisor to adapt to technological developments or industry trends;
the retention and motivation of key personnel;
the impact of acquisitions, investments, significant commercial arrangements and new business strategies on Tripadvisor’s ongoing business;
challenges associated with operating globally;
claims, lawsuits, government investigations and other proceedings as well as changes to laws, rules and regulations and any resulting adverse outcomes;
infringement on intellectual property rights by competitors or Tripadvisor;
the occurrence of system security issues, data protection breaches, cyberattacks and system outage issues;
fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates;
consumer spending levels, including the availability and amount of individual consumer debt; and
threatened terrorist attacks, political unrest in international markets and ongoing military action around the world.

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For additional risk factors, please see Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors of the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, as well as Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. These forward-looking statements and such risks, uncertainties and other factors speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report, and we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to disseminate any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statement contained herein, to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto, or any other change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.

The following discussion and analysis provides information concerning our results of operations and financial condition. This discussion should be read in conjunction with our accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto.

Overview

The accompanying financial statements and the other information herein refer to Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings, Inc. as “TripCo,” “Consolidated TripCo,” the “Company,” “us,” “we” and “our” unless the context otherwise requires. We own an approximate 23% economic interest and 59% voting interest in Tripadvisor as of March 31, 2020. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.

In December 2019, COVID-19 was reported in Wuhan, China. On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization (“WHO”) declared COVID-19 to constitute a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern” and subsequently, on March 11, 2020, declared COVID-19 to constitute a “Pandemic.”  On March 13, 2020, the President of the United States declared a State of National Emergency due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Other countries affected by the outbreak took similar measures. Initially, such decline and cancellations predominantly related to travel to certain limited geographies. By the end of February and increasingly in March 2020, concerns about COVID-19 had intensified on a global basis and have been materially and negatively impacting travel demand generally, with widespread travel restrictions imposed by governments and businesses. Many jurisdictions, particularly in North America (including the United States), Asia and Europe, have adopted laws, rules, regulations or decrees intended to address the COVID-19 pandemic, including implementing various travel restrictions, “shelter in place” or “social distancing” mandates, restricting access to city centers or popular tourist destinations and restaurants or limiting other accommodation offerings in surrounding areas.

The impact of COVID-19 has caused material declines in consumer demand within the travel, hospitality, restaurant, and leisure industry; and consequently adversely and materially affected Tripadvisor’s business, results of operations and financial condition during the three months ended March 31, 2020. Starting in late February and progressively worsening through March 2020, Tripadvisor experienced a significant decline in user demand for its products and services as well as an increase in customer cancellations. The adverse impact to Tripadvisor’s business from COVID-19 intensified in the second half of March, driven by increased governmental restrictions and mandates globally that additionally impacted the travel, hospitality, restaurant, and leisure industry and further dampened consumer demand for its products and services. For example, Tripadvisor estimates daily bookings and revenue across its segments and products declined year-over-year generally by more than 90% during the last half of March 2020, and Tripadvisor continued to experience similar year-over-year declines throughout the month of April 2020.  In addition, Tripadvisor incurred significant and unanticipated cancellations, re-bookings and similar matters from travelers related to future travel, accommodations and tour bookings, which had been reserved by travelers in the pre-COVID-19 timeframe and, including a number of bookings recorded as deferred revenue as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to develop; governments, corporations and other authorities may continue to implement restrictions or policies that continue to adversely impact Tripadvisor’s business. Tripadvisor also believes the travel industry and its business will continue to be materially adversely affected while travel restrictions remain in place.

Tripadvisor has been working with travelers and travel partners to address cancellations, rebookings and other similar matters. In addition, in certain cases Tripadvisor has provided its travel partners extended payment terms, discounts and other incentives. Tripadvisor also has business continuity programs in place to ensure that employees are safe and that Tripadvisor’s teams continue to function effectively while working remotely. In addition, Tripadvisor has also taken several steps to further strengthen its financial position and balance sheet, and maintain financial liquidity and flexibility, including restructuring and reducing its ongoing operating expenses, by borrowing funds from its 2015 Credit Facility,

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and amending its 2015 Credit Facility, all of which are described in more detail below.

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, Tripadvisor borrowed $700 million from its 2015 Credit Facility. Tripadvisor intends to use this cash to reinforce its liquidity position and preserve financial flexibility in light of current uncertainty in the global markets resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. Tripadvisor believes this additional flexibility will be important given its limited ability to predict its future financial performance due to the uncertainty associated with COVID-19 and the measures implemented in reaction to COVID-19.  In addition, on May 5, 2020, Tripadvisor amended its 2015 Credit Facility (the “Second Amendment”) to, among other things, suspend the leverage ratio covenant for each fiscal quarter ending after the effective date of the Second Amendment and ending prior to September 30, 2021; and replace it with a minimum liquidity covenant, and provide collateral to secure the obligations under the agreement, as well as downsize its capacity to $1.0 billion from $1.2 billion.

Although Tripadvisor cannot predict with certainty the full impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its second quarter 2020 financial results, Tripadvisor currently expects that its second quarter 2020 financial results will be negatively impacted to a material degree. Tripadvisor expects revenue, net income and Adjusted OIBDA to decline significantly year-over-year as compared to the second quarter of 2019; potentially at the low end of the observed declines in the second half of March 2020 and throughout April 2020. Tripadvisor also believes that significant year-over-year declines may continue beyond the second quarter of 2020.  The ultimate extent of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on travel, regional and global markets, and overall economic activity in currently affected countries or globally is unknown and impossible to predict with certainty. Therefore, the extent and duration of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Tripadvisor’s business over the long term remains largely uncertain and dependent on future developments that cannot be accurately predicted at this time, such as the severity and transmission rate of COVID-19, the extent and effectiveness of containment actions taken, including mobility and travel restrictions, and the impact of these and other factors on consumer travel behavior.

Early in the first quarter of 2020, Tripadvisor instituted cost reduction measures to preserve cash flows, including targeted workforce reduction measures largely in the Experiences and Dining segment, in addition to optimizing and reducing brand advertising as Tripadvisor pivots to leverage newer and expectantly more effective mediums to its historically television-focused campaign. Tripadvisor incurred pre-tax restructuring and related reorganization costs of $9 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020, related to workforce reductions. Such costs were recorded in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.

In response to the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, Tripadvisor instituted additional cost reduction measures during the latter part of the first quarter of 2020 which included the elimination of the majority of discretionary spending, business travel, non-critical vendor relationships, brand advertising, cessation of nearly all new hiring and contingent staff, reduction of targeted employee benefits, and the furloughing of over 100 employees.

On April 28, 2020, management approved and Tripadvisor announced additional cost reduction measures in response to the continued economic and financial impacts to Tripadvisor as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic; which includes the following:

Enacting a workforce reduction eliminating more than 700 employees and, depending on the outcome of country-specific consultation processes, may impact an additional 200 employees of Tripadvisor’s workforce;
Furloughing additional employees bringing the total furloughed employees during March and April 2020 to approximately 850 employees, primarily in Tripadvisor’s European operations at The Fork;
Executing on a temporary 20% reduced work schedule and corresponding pay reduction for most of its remaining North American employees; and planning to do the same in other markets, subject to local employment processes; and
Making targeted reductions of Tripadvisor’s office lease portfolio.

Tripadvisor expects to incur total pre-tax restructuring and other related reorganization costs in an estimated range of approximately $30 million to $35 million in the second quarter of 2020, as a result of these measures.

On March 27, 2020, the U.S. government enacted the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES

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Act”), which among other things, includes provisions relating to refundable payroll tax credits, deferment of employer side social security payments, net operating loss carryback periods, modifications to the net interest deduction limitations and technical corrections to tax depreciation methods for qualified improvement property.  Based on Tripadvisor’s preliminary evaluation of the CARES Act, it qualifies for certain employer payroll tax credits and the deferral of payroll and other tax payments in the future, as well as certain income tax related provisions. Most notably, during the three months ended March 31, 2020, Tripadvisor recorded an income tax benefit of $14 million resulting from a loss carryback provision under the CARES Act.

During the fourth quarter of 2019, we elected to bypass a qualitative assessment and proceed directly to performing a quantitative impairment test for our trademark. The fair value of our indefinite-lived trademark was estimated to be $975 million using the relief from royalty method. Due to deteriorating revenue, an impairment loss of $288 million was recorded during the year ended December 31, 2019 related to trademarks, related to the hotels, media & platform reporting unit.  

The carrying value of the trademark was $974 million as of March 31, 2020. As of March 31, 2020, TripCo conducted a thorough evaluation of relevant events and circumstances, including the recent declines in revenue and consideration of potential changes in the key inputs to determining the fair value of the trademark.  Based on such evaluation, we do not believe it is more likely than not that the fair value of trademark is below its carrying value as of March 31, 2020. However, further declines in Tripadvisor’s future revenue outlook due to the impact of COVID-19, as discussed above, could result in a decrease in the fair value of the trademark. Accordingly, TripCo believes the trademark is at an elevated risk for impairment in future periods. A future decrease in the fair value may result in a determination that an impairment adjustment is required, which could be material. If an impairment charge is necessary in future periods, the impact to TripCo shareholders is diminished as a large portion would be attributable to the non-controlling interests due to the ownership structure of Tripadvisor. TripCo will continue to monitor events and circumstances that may affect the fair value or carrying value of our trademark.

The carrying value of TripCo’s goodwill was $2.5 billion as of March 31, 2020. TripCo conducted a thorough evaluation of relevant events and circumstances that would materially impact the fair value of each of our reporting units as of March 31, 2020.  Based on such evaluation, we do not believe it is more likely than not that the fair value of our reporting units are below their respective carrying values as of March 31, 2020. However, we believe the passage of time will provide new information regarding the expected duration and severity of impacts of COVID-19 on the economy as a whole and on Tripadvisor’s business. On March 18, 2020, Tripadvisor issued a press release announcing the withdrawal of its previously announced full-year 2020 financial outlook guidance due to the increased adverse impacts of the COVID-19 outbreak and the uncertainty it has created on global travel trends. Management of Tripadvisor is currently working through a reforecasting process which will include determining revised revenue projections as well as identifying various cost reduction strategies.  However, it is uncertain whether or when Tripadvisor will recover the decrease in its trading value. Accordingly, TripCo believes all of its reporting units are at an elevated risk for impairment in future periods. Declines in the future revenue outlook, cash flows, or other factors could result in a determination that an impairment adjustment is required in future periods, which could be material. If an impairment charge is necessary, the impact to TripCo shareholders is diminished as a large portion would be attributable to the non-controlling interests due to the ownership structure of Tripadvisor. TripCo will continue to monitor events and circumstances that may affect the fair value or carrying value of our reporting units.

Tripadvisor’s stock price declined in March 2020, which triggered the mandatory prepayment of TripCo’s margin loan (see note 5 to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements). In order to repay the margin loan, TripCo entered into an agreement with Certares LTRIP LLC (“Certares”), with respect to 325,000 shares of TripCo’s newly-created 8% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Series A Preferred Stock”) (see note 6 to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements).

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Results of Operations—Consolidated—March 31, 2020 and 2019

General.  We provide in the tables below information regarding our consolidated Operating Results and Other Income and Expense.

Three months ended

 

March 31,

 

2020

2019

 

amounts in millions

 

Revenue

    

    

    

    

Hotels, Media & Platform

R